The Difference Between Reflex Sight Vs Red Dot? The Truth You Should Know

Ever wondered whether a red dot sight vs a reflex sight will be better for your rifle?

reflex-sight-vs-red-dot-sight

Reflex sights vs Red Dot sight- What's the truth

For starters, most people are confused about the difference between a red dot sight and a reflex sight. But what is the truth?

“Red dot sight” IS NOT a specific type of sight.

It is actually a general term that is used to describe any kind of weapon optic that uses a red dot as an aiming point. In place of red dots, some sights have green dots or similar electronic images, such as a crosshair, as an aiming point.

There are three different types of “red dot sights”:

  • Prism sights
  • Reflex sights
  • Holographic sights

Each of which is slightly different. As you can see, a reflex sight is actually a type of red dot sight. The two are somewhat interchangeable. When the average person thinks of a “red dot sight” they are commonly thinking of an exposed reflex sight, which we will talk about later.

In this article, we will go over some key similarities and differences between the different styles of sights.

By the end of this article, you will have a better understanding of various weapons sights. So now, we're going to find each type of red dot sight

1. Prism Sights

What is A prism sight?

A prism sight is a short, tube-style optic.

While traditional rifle optics use a series of lenses, prism sights use a prism to focus the image you see down the scope.

As a result, a prism scope is much smaller than the traditional rifle scope.

Vortex Optics SPR-1303 Spitfire 3x Prism Scope with EBR-556B Reticle

Vortex Optics SPR-1303 Spitfire 3x Prism Scope with EBR-556B Reticle

The pros of a prism scope are that they are commonly available with a small magnification and they allow for either etched or illuminated reticles.

The biggest downfall is the smaller eye relief, which means that your eye has to be closer to the optic to pick up a proper sight picture.

Prism scopes are somewhat more expensive than reflex sights, but the prices have been on the decline.

Prism sights are ideal for the average target shooter or distance shooter. When using a prism sight, it is harder to reacquire the target due to the eye relief. For someone who is trying to shoot targets at extended distance, the magnification and precision of a prism sight will be perfect.

2. Reflex Sights

What is the Reflex Sights?

Reflex sights use a lens that functions somewhat like a mirror.

Field Sport Red and Green Reflex Sight with 4 Reticles

Field Sport Red and Green Reflex Sight with 4 Reticles

The aiming point is projected forward onto a lens, which reflects it back and allows you to see the red dot.

This type of reflex sight, commonly referred to as an exposed reflex sight, has a very distinct look.

There is no tube-shaped sight, only a small, clear window that the user can see the aiming point on.

However, there is a second type of reflex sight, which is tube shaped.

Tube type is the type of reflex sight will have TWO different lenses, and the aiming point is projected forward from the rear lens to the forward one.

The beam of the light is contained within the tube. Additionally, this type of reflex sight could use tritium in place of a battery powered light beam.

The biggest advantage of a reflex sight is the lack of an eye relief.

This means that your head can be positioned anywhere, you can keep both eyes open while using the weapon, and it is extremely easy to reacquire targets.

Reflex sights are also generally somewhat cheaper than prism sights. Another pro of a reflex sight is the fact that some are available for battery-free use. The one downfall of the reflex sight is that they aren’t magnified, however, some reflex sights are sold with a paired scope that doesn’t have an aiming point.

Reflex sights are an excellent option for many different weapons uses. They are excellent for home defense or tactical uses, some hunting, and for any type of general shooting. For the average rifle user, a reflex sight is what I would recommend.

3. Holographic Sights

So what is Holographic Sights?

Holographic sights are not as common as reflex sights or prism sights.

EOTech 512.A65 Tactical HOLOgraphic AA Batteries Weapon Sight

EOTech 512.A65 Tactical HOLOgraphic AA Batteries Weapon Sight

A holographic sight essentially uses a picture of a reticle that is in between glass layers.

EOTech has the patent for holographic sights, so they are the only type you will see. They have a rectangular field of view and a very small reticle for aiming, which allows for more accurate shooting.

The pros of an EOTech sight are that they are extremely precise and accurate, and they are easy to use.

Similar to the reflex sights, they allow for you to shoot the weapon with both eyes open and easily reacquire targets.

The only con of EOTech sights is the price. While they aren’t much different than the basic exposed reflex sight, EOTech sights are much more expensive.

An EOTech sight costs roughly 10 times what a cheap exposed reflex sight will cost. While they are certainly better quality, my opinion is that the difference between the two isn’t enough to justify spending that much more money.

However, I would recommend EOTech sights for anyone needing extremely accurate shooting abilities, such as a competitive shooter.

There’s a reason that they are so popular with the United States military. EOTech sights are very precise, and will allow for more accurate shooting over distance.

Conclusion

Overall, reflex sights are often what people consider to be a “red dot sight,” despite the fact that there are THREE different styles of red dot sights.

Most people don’t know, but “red dot sight” is more of a general term than a specific kind of sight.

Reflex sights are the most common and the least expensive, but are somewhat limited. Dependent on your needs, a simple reflex sight will probably meet your needs. Prism sights are often magnified, so they are better at longer distances, but they have an eye relief. Holographic sights are similar to exposed reflex sights, but are much higher quality at a much higher cost. Exposed reflex sights can have an additional scope added, to allow for magnification.

All in all, given today’s technology, there is a reflex sight available that will meet your shooting needs, at a more affordable cost.

Is The Sightmark Ultra Shot Pro Spec Sight NV QD Really Good?

Sightmark is well known for their affordably priced weapon’s optics.

Initially, this made me uncomfortable, as I knew they weren’t as high quality as some other available optics.

After plenty of research and testing my friends’ optics, I eventually went with Sightmark’s Ultra Shot QD paired with a Sightmark 3x Magnifier. You can see that sightmark on my AR15 below:

Sightmark Ultra Shot Reflex Sight -1

Sightmark Ultra Shot Reflex Sight -1

Sightmark Ultra Shot Reflex Sight-2

Sightmark Ultra Shot Reflex Sight-2

For me, I knew exactly what I needed in a weapon’s optic, and knew exactly what to expect from the Ultra Shot QD.

Overall, I have not regretted this purchase whatsoever.

It has served the purpose that I bought it for, but I also realize that this sight is not for everyone. As I said previously, there are higher quality optics available, but for the average shooter, the Sightmark Ultra Shot QD will work.

Comparisons 

My reasons for selecting the Ultra Shot QD were the affordability and the ease of use.

My thought process is that a reflex style red dot sight is nothing more than a piece of glass with a laser dot in it. If the sight can be accurately zeroed, and will hold that zero, it works.

For my purposes, I will NOT be beating up my sight, using it in foul weather, or needing overly accurate shots at 300+ meters.

Higher quality sights will be waterproof, have smaller reticles to allow for more accurate shots, and will generally be more durable.

The Ultra Shot QD does not have all of these features. However, for the average shooter, it is more than acceptable.

I use it for range shooting and some hunting with no issues. I have shot far more accurate sights, but I am still able to shoot out to 300 meters accurately using the Ultra Shot QD.

Feature of Sightmark Ultra Shot Pro Spec Sight NV QD

Sightmark Ultra Shot Reflex Sight-4

Sightmark Ultra Shot Reflex Sight-4

The Ultra Shot QD offers four different reticle options and multiple brightness settings.

Some of the best features are how easy it is to install, zero, and use.

The easy clip on the side of the sight allows for it to easily be attached and unattached from the railings on an average AR or other tactical style weapon. The same clip also makes it easy to tighten to fit any railing system.

Compared to some sights, this is a huge positive. However, it will not be affixed to the rail quite as tight as more expensive sights are.

Some will argue that over time, this will affect the accuracy of the sight.

My response to that, is that a knowledgeable shooter should be confirming their zero frequently anyway, so it should be extremely easy to catch and fix this issue.

However, in months of shooting this weapon, I have not had this issue. I have confirmed my zero multiple times, and never had an issue.

Zeroing the sight is a breeze. It requires an Allen wrench, but is an extremely easy sight to zero. The sight is also extremely easy to use. For the new and experienced shooter alike, it could not be easier. Simply turn the sight on, adjust your brightness, and shoot downrange with both eyes open. It is extremely easy to acquire targets and shoot accurately.

What about Sightmark 3x Tactical Magnifier

I bought this sight in a combo pack that came with a Sightmark 3x Magnifier.

The magnifier is a separate entity (see photos below), and the user is able to slide the magnifier over if they don’t wish to use it. While this magnifier does take some getting used to, it is equally easy to use.

Sightmark Ultra Shot Reflex Sight-3

Sightmark’s Ultra Shot QD paired with a Sightmark 3x Magnifier on my AR15

You will have to get used to where you are placing your head for each shot when you are using the magnifier.

However, once you have it figured out, it is a great addition to the reflex sight.

The fact that you can also slide the magnifier off to the side if you are shooting at a closer range is another awesome feature.

Similar to the reflex sight, there are much higher quality magnifiers out there, but for the average shooter, there is absolutely nothing wrong with this.

Conclution

For the competitive shooter, serious hunter, and optics snobs, I would avoid this sight.

For the new shooter, basic hunter, and especially the casual plinker, this sight is perfect for you.

If you are just looking for an easy to use sight to go out and shoot targets with every once in a while, this is the sight for you. It is affordably priced, easy to use, and reliable. I have had no issues with my sight, but I also knew exactly what to expect and what I wanted it for before I got it.

Overall, this was a great purchase for me.

About the Author: This post from Robert Sagona who is Army Officer in Columbus, US. He has 2 rifle, and 2 shotgun. So amazing. He bought that product in 2016 and completely satisfied with it. So he write some review about this product and take some photo of his gun. Read my review about best gun safe for the money to pick for yourself the best, 

What’s The Best Coyote Bait For Property Hunting? (6 Coyte Bait)

When a coyote is becoming a nuisance on your property, the time comes when the only sensible option is to shoot it. But how to lure the poor bastard in to range, and keep him there long enough to get the shot off?

best coyote bait for most situations

best coyote bait for most situations

The preferred way to do this is with bait.

There are a number of options available that will suit the cause just fine, but a few stand out from the rest.

Don’t buy bait from a store, as coyotes have become smart enough to recognize unnatural items. It’s important to be conniving to be effective.

Here are the best coyote bait for on property hunting.

Best coyote bait

The ideal coyote bait is the remains of a live animal.

The bigger and meatier, the better.

This can be tough, but keep an eye out for squirrels and other scurry animals that may be on the property. It is encouraged to keep small animals and smaller bait options around for spells when there are many coyotes or little large bait. They make decent bait in a pinch.

There are, however, a handful of better options. Let’s take a look at them.

Here is a video of baiting coyotes. But first, you need to know how to find coyote 

1. Pigs or hogs

Hogs make a good coyote bait because of the smell and the fact that they act as a meat source.

The problem with dead hogs is that they can be difficult to come by. Your best bet is probably to ask a hog farmer if he has any meat available for you. Perhaps he will have a rotten hog carcass that he is willing to part with, or at least part of one. It isn’t necessary to have an entire hog, especially if you are only hunting one or two coyotes. They will be lured by the sheer fact that there is meat available that they didn’t have to work for.

2. Deer carcass

The best coyote bait is a deer carcass.
Coyotes are naturally attracted to everything about it, and will be lured in by the smell of a dead animal.

Deer carcasses have the benefit of being generally larger than most other live animal coyote baits available. This can confuse the coyotes, which is a good thing because they won’t suspect that it is a trap.

If there is frequent roadkill in the area, that can be a great source of deer carcasses. It is important to check local law to make sure that this practice is legal in the region.

It would be terrible to receive a citation for hauling a deer carcass when all you’re trying to do is hunt coyotes.

Another downside of deer carcasses, because of their size, is that it often takes more than one person to haul, relocate, and stage the dead deer. Other than that, deer are the best coyote bait for most situations. 

You can also use meat or parts of an animal that you hunted yourself that aren’t being used. Any responsible sportsman is all about using every part of an animal they kill, and this offers an opportunity to do just that. Granted, another animal is going to be killed, but you can use that one as well or have it be feed for vultures or other wildlife.

3. Afterbirth

If you’ve got access to a farm or are a farmer yourself, horde the afterbirth from baby calves.

There is nothing that attracts coyotes by smell better than afterbirth. It is completely disgusting, but don’t actually touch it. Store in secure container and leave out at night.

When the hunt is ready, the stench will have already filled the air and attracted any coyotes in the nearby area. The downside here is that you have to use it right away, because who the hell wants to store afterbirth on their property? The timing is the issue that prevents this from being the best coyote bait. This scenario only works if your calves are born at the same time as you are needing to hunt coyotes on the property.

5. Beavers

We can’t condone illegal use of beaver for bait. But if access to a beaver corpse is doable, beaver can make a great option. Coyotes view beaver as a treat, something they don’t dine on every day, and will be willing to take more risks for the satisfaction than they would for other, smaller prey like rabbits.

This gives the opportunity to place the bait in a more ideal location for the hunter. Bring them in a little closer, and take the shot before the coyote is able to haul off the bait.

6. Where to place the bait

This is one of the most important factors in coyote hunting.

The bait must be placed in a location that:

  • a) attracts the coyotes without tipping them off that it’s a trap, and
  • b) is convenient for the hunter to target and shoot them while they’re there

In order to find the perfect location for coyote bait, first analyze your shooting location.

Is it well hidden? In a trench, or elevated? What kind of angles are you dealing with, and what are the weather factors? Make note of these, and then walk the perimeter of the area.

The goal is to find a spot that doesn’t require any movement on your part to get the shot off. If the coyote bait can be staged in an open area, or at the crest of a berm, the shot will be easier.

If the problem is that there are no open areas, consider cleaning out a spot or shifting the hunting field altogether (if possible).

I recommend you should bring the best ar bipod in coyote hunting. It will help you. 

Conclusion

There are many other options when it comes to coyote bait.

But these four are the best options.

They aren’t always going to be available, so it’s best to be able to find bunnies, squirrels, geese, etc. to use in situations where larger bait is absent. As always, be sure to follow any local laws and practices for coyote hunting.

They may be a nuisance, but so is a hefty fine or punishment.

If you’ve enjoyed this article, please blast it out on your social channels. Have any tips on best coyote bait? Leave them in the comments below!

What Are The Best AR Bipod For The Money (For Both Ar10 and Ar15) 2017

For hunters who spend a lot of time out in the field, you’ll likely find yourself needing some sort of steady hand for your AR.

Best Ar Bipod For The Money (For Both Ar10 and Ar15

Best Ar Bipod For The Money (For Both Ar10 and Ar15

This is particularly true for hunting at higher elevation, where there is likely to be rolling hills and uneven terrain.

The best ar bipods (for both Ar10 and Ar15) are easily compacted and portable, making packing them in and out a breeze.

With the five options we’re discussing here, transport is simple and setup is quick. Let’s take a look at these top options.

But first you can take a look at it before go to the detail review for each of it.​

Top Our Pick For Best Ar Bipod For The Money In 2017

Top 5 Best Bipod For Ar (For both Ar10 and Ar15)

This is my review about 5 Best Bipod For Ar (For both Ar10 and Ar15) for the money, it will help you find the best for hunting. Check out it:

1. CVLIFE 6-9 Inches Tactical Rifle Bipod Adjustable Spring Return with Adapter

CVLIFE 6- 9 Inches Tactical Rifle Bipod Adjustable Spring Return with Adapter

CVLIFE 6- 9 Inches Tactical Rifle Bipod Adjustable Spring Return with Adapter

There’s a good level of adjustment available with this bipod, so if you need a sturdy and economical holder this is a great option for you.

A great feature of this bipod is that despite being quite small, it is one of the sturdiest available on the market. If you’re using a heavy AR or one with custom modifications, you can depend on this bipod for stability.

The adjustment range is viable for uneven terrain.

Users find the hardened steel to be of benefit when they have to fire multiple rounds at one sitting.

This is furthered when the target is on the move. While rapid movement is not ideal for this bipod (or any other), users should find that slight head bobs and other natural measures that are unavoidable are accounted for in the 6-9 inch platform.

When the wallet impact of this unit is accounted for, it is the best AR15 bipod for the money. (also good for ar10)

2. UTG Tactical OP Bipod, Rubber Feet, Center Height 8.3"-12.7"

UTG Tactical OP Bipod, Rubber Feet, Center Height 8.3"-12.7"

UTG Tactical OP Bipod, Rubber Feet, Center Height 8.3"-12.7"

This bipod best serves situations where more height is needed for Ar

If you’re not hunting in a setting where views can be obstructed by natural surroundings, this bipod is not going to be needed. Go with a smaller bipod like the CVLIFE 6-9 inch in those scenarios.

When the height is needed, this unit is the go-to.

The swivel adaptor mounts quickly, and is versatile enough that users can incorporate flashlights and other devices into their hunt when holding the AR by hand.

The size of the bipod means it takes up more pack space.

The weight is negligible, however, and setup is fast.

Finding your comfort zone once the gun has been placed and adjustments have been made is a matter of only a moment of testing.

The springs are in the legs, making for optimum comfort. Make sure the gun is firmly mounted because otherwise you’ll have severe accuracy issues.

Other than that, this is the best AR15 bipod in the price range which stretches above one foot.

3. UTG Shooter's SWAT Bipod, Rubber Feet, Height 6.2"-6.7"

UTG Shooter's SWAT Bipod, Rubber Feet, Height 6.2"-6.7"

UTG Shooter's SWAT Bipod, Rubber Feet, Height 6.2"-6.7"

UTG presents a basic bipod unit here, which is ideal only for certain situations.

This unit is not going to be the end all, be all for your hunting game because it is not adaptable for any varied terrain.

Using this is comfortable situations where the hunter is familiar with the area and its threats is fine, but don’t trust it for new situations.

There is only a half inch of adjustability up to 6.7 inches, so anytime more height is needed the hunter is out of luck.

Another downside of this bipod is that it is made from aluminum. In field tests, many shooters prefer hardened steel units because they aren’t going to bend or alter even after years of use.

The bottom line is that this bipod is in the same price range as many others that perform much better in a wider variety of circumstances.

4. TipTop® Tactical Rifle Bipod Quicklock EZ Pivot & Pan QD 7" - 10.5": Picatinny Mount, Extendable, Folding, with Sling-attached Hole.PN#S9-94676

TipTop® Tactical Rifle Bipod Quicklock EZ Pivot & Pan QD 7" - 10.5": Picatinny Mount, Extendable, Folding, with Sling-attached Hole.PN#S9-94676

TipTop® Tactical Rifle Bipod Quicklock EZ Pivot & Pan QD 7" - 10.5": Picatinny Mount, Extendable, Folding, with Sling-attached Hole.PN#S9-94676

For hunters willing to dig a little deeper into their pockets, this bipod will last a lifetime.

While the adjustment range is less than some others, it’s incredibly sturdy. Long days in the field with multiple shots won’t rattle this unit.

The best feature of this bipod is that it pans easily to follow moving targets. TipTop is able to get away with the price point specifically because of that and the sturdy build.

For carrying, this bipod folds easily for who have an AR10 and AR15

Compact it well and you’ll never have an issue with the space it takes up.

Mounting takes mere seconds and stands sturdy through waiting periods and intense fire.

It’s almost like they’re pulling a fast one on us because this product is so rugged and versatile but lacks the massive cost of top-notch bipods.

For hunters wanting to make a one-time purchase that will last throughout the duration of their career in the field, this is the best AR15 bipod for the money.

5. Harris Engineering S-BRM Hinged Base 6 - 9-Inch BiPod

Harris Engineering S-BRM Hinged Base 6 - 9-Inch BiPod

Harris Engineering S-BRM Hinged Base 6 - 9-Inch BiPod

This Harris bipod is another one that will last a lifetime and costs less than a hundred bucks. It shines with bolt action rifles on long distance hunts. Rarely will a bipod be so reliable in wait-and-fire situations from beyond the length of a Tom Brady touchdown pass.

The biggest complaint against this unit is that it only adjusts to nine inches. There are others on the market that adjust above ten, such as the TipTop unit discussed above.

Therefore, this is not the best bipod for the money. Most hunters will find more satisfaction with the Tip Top unit.

Head to head comparison

Only two of these remain in the running after a thorough comparison of their features.

The CV Life Tactical Rifle Bipod and the TipTop Tactical Rifle Bipod. It’s hard to say they are in the same class. But they both lead their price point fields because of sturdy build and how long they will last.

The other three fall short because the developers either took short cuts in construction or charge more than the value the customer is getting.

Conclusion

Using a tactical AR bipod when hunting is highly encourage because it increases your ability to lay low while increasing accuracy.

The CV Life bipod will take your hunting to the next level and hardly puts a dent in the overall investment into the sport. We highly encourage it!

A share on social channels if you’ve enjoyed this article is much appreciated. Do you have experience with these units? Leave a comment below! Let’s get a discussion going.

How To Choose the Right Ammunition For Your Firearm

Are you a new gun owner who is trying to figure out the right ammunition for your gun?

Well, this article will help you do just that.

How to Choose the Right Ammunition for your Firearm Based on your Purpose

How to Choose the Right Ammunition for your Firearm Based on your Purpose

Not only is it important to know the size of ammunition you need, but it is also important to consider the use you have intended for the bullets that you are picking out.

After reading this article you will know how to choose the right ammunition for your firearm based on the purpose you have in mind. So go on!!

Bullet Size or Caliber

Before getting into picking out a bullet by purpose it is important that you get the right caliber for your gun. When you purchased your firearm you probably went over this with the person you were buying the gun from. Their are a lot of different common sizes and each one is better for certain things than others.

  • .22LR- Small round for long riffles or pistols. These can kill and be used for defense, but they aren't much above pellet guns. These are great for learning however because they have little kick and recoil. They are also cheap.
  • 9mm- There are a few rounds between the 22LR and the 9mm, but they are not as common and actually the same size as the 9mm, but just have different counts of gun powder in them. The 9mm is great for the range or self defense. They have enough power to penetrate well as close range, but still easy to fire with little recoil.
  • .38 Special- Again skipping a few to get to this one. This bullet is bigger and has more power behind it than a 9mm. Getting to this size you start to get more recoil This is especially true if you are using this in a smaller gun. The 38 special is mainly seen in revolvers. Also, the same size is the .357 magnum, but it is longer, so be sure to use it in a gun designed for it.
  • .223 and .308 – These are starting to get into rifle rounds. These are seen in assault rifles and are great fun at the range. They also can be used for defense, but the guns firing these are bigger which makes sense since the bullet is larger.
  • 12 Gauge – This is a shotgun round and is the most common type. Their is also 20 gauge which is smaller and 10 gauge which is bigger. Shotgun rounds are used primarily for hunting.

Just remember to pick the right size bullet for your gun. The caliber is how big the diameter of the bullet is and it will match up with the barrel of your firearm. Just remember bigger bullets have more power and also cost more.

Firearm Purpose

People generally have three main purposes for their firearm when it comes time to purchase ammunition.

You probably want to practice with it, go hunting with it, or use it for self defense. Depending on your purpose it will dictate some of the futures you look for when buying ammo.

Target Practice

type of ammo for shooting practic

type of ammo for shooting practic

If you are just going for target practice or training, then you DON'T need the most powerful bullets.

Instead you want to focus on cost of each round.

You don't want to spend a lot on rounds when just shooting them for fun.

For rifles and handguns you probably want to look at FMJ cartridges and bullets. 

FMJ rounds are made with soft lead in the middle and this is surrounded with a metal shell. They are easy to make and thus they are cheap.

If you are shooting a shotgun, then you probably want to look into lightweight target loads. They generally are 7.5 shot or smaller. The pellets on the inside of the shell are normally lead unless you live in an area that requires steel shot.

Outside of cost of ammunition you also want to consider the recoil when picking out rounds for target practice.

If you are shooting all day, then your arm will get tired fast if the gun has a lot of recoil. You should probably look for small-bore rim fire ammunition and avoid magnum rounds.

Using Ammo For Defense

If you are buying ammunition for defense, then cost is a factor, but you really want to make sure you get a round that will stop the threat as quickly as possible.

type of ammo for home defense

type of ammo for home defense

You want a round that will fire reliable and also come out with a lot of force.

A good type of rounds to use are hollow points. These bullets are designed to expand on contact making a larger hole in what they hit.

This is done by having a empty cavity in the tip of the bullet.

Not only does this make a larger wound though, it also helps with penetration and keeping the bullet in the target so no one else gets hurt.

When using a shotgun you should use buckshot rounds.

The pellets are large enough to do good damage. The key when picking out rounds for self defense though is finding ones that transfer all the energy into the target and also penetrates the target so no unintended person gets hurt.

You also want a reliable round to end the situation quickly.

What type of Ammo does Hunter use for Hunting?

For hunting you pretty much want to consider all the same factors as with self defense.

via m01229

You want a bullet that will expand and produce enough damage to the animal that it will kill it quickly and humanly.

That is why if hunting with a shotgun you want to use slugs.

You should NEVER use an FMJ bullet for hunting as it won't kill the animal and it will most likely go straight through.

The difference between ammunition for hunting and defense is you need more penetration for hunting since most hunted animals are larger than humans.

For hunting more power is better,

This means picking out ammunition that produces a lot of force.

This normally means going with a larger caliber bullet.

This is something to keep in mind when purchasing a rifle or handgun if your main intention is hunting you should get something larger up front. (Pick the best handgun safe for the money to keep safety)

Conclusion

So now that you have finished reading this article you should be able to choose the right ammunition for your firearm depending on your purpose.

The two factors to consider when picking out ammunition is caliber of the bullet and also your use for the firearm.

If you are hunting, then you need to get a larger caliber gun.

If you are using it for self defense, then you want reliable rounds that will cause enough damage to end the situation quickly.

If you are just target practicing, then you can go with cheaper FMJ rounds in the caliber for your gun.

Even though there are a lot of different types of bullets there is really only a few uses for them, so you should be able to figure out the right firearm for you now and the right rounds for it.

Which Are 3 Simple Factors That Affect A Weapon’s Range?

Modern bullets are able to travel hundreds of yards farther than the projectiles of early weapons. While modern technologies have played heavily into that, there are still quite a few basic concepts that also greatly impact how far a bullet is able to travel.

which factor has a significant impact on a firearms range

which factor has a significant impact on a firearms range

To start, we must first consider the true definition of a weapon’s range.

The range of a weapon is more than just how far the bullet is able to go.

We should consider the effective range of the weapon, or how far a bullet can go while remaining accurate.

At its core, the purpose of a weapon is to shoot a projectile accurately. Increasing the range of a weapon inaccurately would be useless.

The three factors that affect the effective range of a weapon the most are the weapon used, the ammunition, and the environment.

1. The Weapon

The actual weapon used has a significant impact on the range that the bullet is able to travel.

weapon used has a significant impact on the range

weapon used has a significant impact on the range

The specific weapon affects the muzzle velocity and the accuracy of the bullet.

Muzzle velocity can be defined as the speed at which the bullet leaves the barrel.

A higher muzzle velocity increases the effective range of the weapon, as the bullet is able to travel farther.

Based on the definition of effective range, the ability to shoot more accurately also increases the effective range of the weapon.

The first part of the weapon that affects its effective range is the length of the barrel. Generally speaking, a longer barrel will allow for a higher muzzle velocity and a more accurate shot. While there are some exceptions to every rule, most of the time, a longer barrel will increase the effective range of the weapon.

The effective range is also increased by the rifling in modern barrels. Most modern weapons have rifled barrels, which impart spin on the bullet. The spinning bullet is able to travel downrange more accurately, which increases the effective range of the weapon.

Best gun safe for the money will help you storage your weapon. That post will help you find the best. ​

2. The Ammunition

Full metal jacket ammo

The specific ammunition used also has a big impact on the effective range of the weapon.

Different grades of ammunition will have different amounts of propellant.

Commonly referred to as gunpowder, the propellant is the part of the cartridge that actually burns and propels the bullet downrange.

Ammunition with more propellant will have a higher muzzle velocity. As previously stated, a higher muzzle velocity will increase the effective range of the weapon.

Another way that the ammunition affects the effective range of the weapon is the actual shape of the bullet. Modern bullets are more aerodynamic, which allows them to travel further.

3. The Environment

One commonly forgotten factor that affects the effective range of the weapon is the environment in which it’s shot. Some of the environmental factors to consider are altitude, temperature, humidity, and wind.

Enviroment is one of factor impact weapon range

Enviroment is one of factor impact weapon range

Most environmental factors can be narrowed down to one more specific factor: resistance. More air resistance will slow down a bullet and decrease its effective range.

At higher altitudes, the air is thinner.

Thinner air means that the bullet will encounter less air resistance, which will increase the effective range of the weapon.

Conversely, at lower altitudes the air is denser. The denser air will create more air resistance, which decreases the effective range of the weapon.

Similar to altitude, temperature and humidity also affect air resistance. Colder air is denser than warmer air. In cold temperatures, the bullet will experience more air resistance, so the effective range will decrease. Cold air also reduces muzzle velocity, because the chamber pressure of the firearm will be lower. Humidity has a similar effect. More humid air is denser, which decreases the effective range of the weapon.

Wind can blow the bullet in either direction. This creates more air resistance, but also decreases the accuracy of the weapon at longer range. If the bullet is blown in one direction by the wind, you are less likely to hit your target. That decreases the effective range of your weapon.

Conclution​

All in all, there are hundreds of factors that can affect the effective range of a weapon.

Modern weapon technology, such as higher velocity rounds and rifled barrels, have increased the effective range of weapons significantly.

However, environmental factors can go a long way in changing the effective range of your firearm, and they are often not thought of. The biggest factors to keep in mind when considering the effective range of a weapon are the muzzle velocity, the accuracy, and the environment.

What are your thoughts? Leave them in the comments section!

5 Frequently Question You Need To Know About Coyote Howls?

Coyotes are among the most common animals hunters run into both at home and in the wild.

Why do coyotes howl

Why do coyotes howl

They are spread across the US, with the eastern coyotes being larger than those seen out west.

Coyotes are interesting animals, and very vocal to boot. They are one of the few animals not easily displaced by expanding cities. Coyotes are often seen sprinting across roads, railroad tracks, even parking lots of shopping centers.

Perhaps their most notable trait is the coyote’s howl. Let’s take a look at some basics of coyote howls, and everything you need to know about them.

1. Do coyotes howl?

The short answer is YES!

Coyotes do howl, and because they travel in packs, they often howl all at once.

A coyote howl is kind of like a high-pitched squeal. In some ways it is similar to a dog bark and in other ways it is very different.

The howl starts relatively calm, with some yipping and squealing. As more and more coyotes join in, it starts to sound like a group of old people laughing hysterically all at the same time. In the most annoying, high-pitched laugh possible.

Many who live in western areas like Colorado, Utah, and other states encounter coyote howls regularly.

Those that live on the fringe of big cities or in rural areas often here the howls at night, after dusk, as the pack moves towards their location for the evening.

Here is a great video of coyotes howling:

2. Why do coyotes howl?

The coyote howl is the main form of audible communication between coyotes.

Coyote packs, typically families, may spread out to hunt on their own.

The howl, in this case, would be started by a pack leader with the intention of bringing the pack back together again.

A prolonged session of howling may indicate that the pack is spread out. As more and more coyotes join in, the collective howl continues to get louder and more prolonged.

Embracing the true pack mentality, coyotes are territorial creatures. One pack crossing onto the territory of another pack (often a larger or more settled one) is severely frowned upon. This is a frequent source of why coyotes howl. The howl is basically a warning, as if to say “Stay off my lawn.”

3. When do coyotes howl?

The main coyotes doing the howling are the small group (often 2) of lead coyotes who are mated and head the pack.

Because of the way that their howls change pitch as they are emitted and pass through the surrounding environment, it often sounds as though there are as many as a dozen coyotes howling at once.

This is usually not the case when orders are being barked.

However, other coyotes will howl when they need to respond. If other pack leaders are in the area, they may decide to start howling as well, and this is when coyote howls really get going.

They can stretch across acres of terrain. In suburban areas, because coyotes aren’t turned off by the houses and development, this often causes quite a noise disturbance.

The lead coyotes howl when they need to alert the group to come back together. They also howl when they are disturbed or upset.

This type of howl will be done usually by only one coyote at a time, and isn’t meant to cause a whole chorus of replies.

If you are walking your dog and the coyote catches wind of it, he may emit a howl at the perceived threat. This can also happen when no dog is present.

4. What do coyote sounds mean?

Typically, coyote sounds reflect the current communication needs of the coyote.

Whether that be a warning from the alpha coyote to the rest of the group, or one coyote noting a threat.

It can also mean that there is a disturbance or annoyance to that particular animal.

Often, coyotes will howl to alert the group of a threat real or imagined.

Maybe a coyote is wandering around the edge of a territory and comes across something of note. A howl may then be used as a signifier.

Coyotes have great hearing, and can often comprehend a howl and its purpose from over a mile away. This is especially true during group howls, as the sound carries across the landscape. A coyote may emit a howl so that others in the pack know where he or she is and can find their way to their family member.

Here is a video of different coyote howls and noises.

5. What should I do when I hear a coyote howl?

If you hear a coyote howl, but can’t see the coyote, the first thing to do is keep an eye out. They are nearby, and are likely aware of your presence. They aren’t prone to attack humans straight away. They also spook easy and will retreat if they feel threatened.

In most cases, the coyote howl is internal communication between the pack and not intended for you at all. When more than one coyote is howling at a time near you, they are using normal communication to call the group back together or perform other routine tasks. It can sound intimidating, but shouldn’t necessarily be perceived that way. Coyotes aren’t usually on the prowl for humans in highly populated areas.

Still, it is advised to move away with caution. Absolutely do not run at the coyote or throw sticks or rocks at it.

Conclusion

This should give you a basic understanding of coyote howls and what their intended purpose is. If you are using ar10 rifle, i have the post about the best ar10 scope for hunting, you will find the good scope for your ar. 

As you can see, these howls are not usually meant to be threatening to humans in any way.
The coyote communicates with those in his pack regularly, and the howl is their standard verbal diction.

There is no need to fret when you hear a coyote howl. Instead, stop and listen and try to figure out what you think the coyote is trying to say.

Share your thoughts on coyote howls down below in the comments.

Also, please share this article on social media so that we can spread awareness of what coyote howls mean and break any preconceived notions that are just plain false.

Coyotes are lovely creatures.

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Which SentrySafe Pistol Safe (Biometric Or KeyLock) Is Right For You?

The marketplace for Biometric gun safes is seemingly ever-expanding. There are so many products available that it can be tough to figure out exactly which one is the best buy.

As an experienced shooter, I’m going to provide a full review off the sentry safe biometric quick access pistol safe model # qap1be

But first I’d like to take a moment to emphasize a couple important questions to ask when searching for the best gun safe for you:

  • Where will I store the gun safe?
  • What type of gun do I need it for, and what other material needs to be stored in the safe?
  • Do I trust the Biometric system?

What you’ll find here is one of the most reliable safes on the market, no matter which option you choose. I have the two pistol version, but have used the Biometric option much also.

I’ll break down these versions and the situations each is better for here in this article.

First, quick check 5 option of this Sentry Pistol Safe

SentrySafe Pistol Safe, Quick Access Biometric Gun Safe QAP1BE

Biometric Version

SentrySafe Pistol Safe, Quick Access Biometric Gun Safe

SentrySafe Pistol Safe, Quick Access Biometric Gun Safe

This is the contemporary masterpiece of the SentrySafe pistol safe line.

I’ve never heard of a standard pistol that wasn’t easily accessible in two shakes of a rabbit’s tail with this version.

I’ve tested this safe in a variety of different situations. Staged emergencies, calm openings, finger pressed at odd angles. The safe performed well in all of these situations, and I’ll break them down here:

  • Staged Emergency: Palms were sweaty, and following waking from sleep mode I had to press my finger down firmly to offset any grease. But the safe successfully read my finger and opened. I grabbed the gun with ease despite having perspiration on my hand
  • Odd angle pressing: This one I tried from three different angles. The first was slightly ajar to the left, which the safe opened fine. The second was slightly ajar to the right, and the safe made me try again but opened on the second try. The third situation was a roll of the finger, which surprised me because the Biometric scanner performed well. Overall, I was satisfied with the performance

The override key provides great backup access in the instance that your finger is too sweaty to successfully open the lock.

Scan family member’s fingerprints when you’ll be gone.

What you should do is keep a handkerchief either on or right by the safe and grab it with your scanning finger before trying to open the safe.

If you’re worried about sweat altering the reading, this is a great solution to the problem.

​This product is the best biometric gun safe on the market now!

SentrySafe Pistol Safe, Quick Access Gun Safe, Digital Lock, Single Gun Capacity, QAP1E

Electronic Lock Version

SentrySafe Pistol Safe, Quick Access Gun Safe, Digital Lock, Single Gun Capacity, QAP1E

SentrySafe Pistol Safe, Quick Access Gun Safe, Digital Lock, Single Gun Capacity, QAP1E

This version is basically the same as the Biometric option except it’s got a coded entry instead.

Set your code and be sure to remember it, because even with the override you’ll lose several seconds getting the thing open if you have to use the backup option.

I suggest keeping the code similar to a bank card or online passcode that you’ve memorized and will never forget.

The only benefit of this safe over the previous option is that there is no chance of the finger being misread, or of someone else opening it with their fingerprint.

You can give the code to your family members so that they can access in an emergency, which my neighbor did successfully while he was out of town recently.

His son got into the safe and retrieved the gun, using it in self-defense as a scare tactic but not firing.

SentrySafe Pistol Safe, Portable Gun Safe with Key Lock & Tether Cable, Single Gun Capacity, PP1K

Keyed Lock Version

SentrySafe Pistol Safe, Portable Gun Safe with Key Lock & Tether Cable, Single Gun Capacity, PP1K

SentrySafe Pistol Safe, Portable Gun Safe with Key Lock & Tether Cable, Single Gun Capacity, PP1K

Some people just don’t trust technology when it comes to their guns. If that is you, but you still want the convenience of this SentrySafe product, get the keyed lock version.

The opening is quiet, and although it’s less quick than the Biometric version because you’ve got to put the key in the hole, it’s still rather fast.

One thing to note here is that in an emergency situation, grabbing your key and identifying the keyhole can be a challenge in a pinch.

This is especially true if your hands are sweaty.

Therefore, I highly recommend the Biometric version (or at the very least, the Electronic Lock version).

Your argument is probably that the technology might fail right when you need it most. But the odds of that happening are far less than the chances of human error – you mess up a lot more than a computer does.

I also always ask, if you’re worried about security, why do you have the key to your safe sitting on a chain attached to the safe? Doesn’t seem to smart, does it? Other than that, the keyed lock safe is just as good as SentrySafe’s other options. Here’s a great video review of the safes.

 SentrySafe Pistol Safe, Quick Access Gun Safe with LED Interior Lights, Two Pistol Capacity, QAP2EL

Two Pistol Capacity Versions + Led light:

SentrySafe Pistol Safe, Quick Access Gun Safe with LED Interior Lights, Two Pistol Capacity, QAP2EL

SentrySafe Pistol Safe, Quick Access Gun Safe with LED Interior Lights, Two Pistol Capacity, QAP2EL

The TWO pistol capacity option is ideal for if you and your partner both need to store a gun with quick access.

It provides the same single-hand access as the other versions, which doesn’t really do much for the second person but is still convenient.

I call attention to the Sleep Mode – it takes only one quick touch to wake and be ready to open, but it’s important to remember that touch because otherwise you’ll go through the opening sequence at the wrong time.

If you’re an ammo freak like me and prefer to always have extra ammo available at a moment’s notice, than this safe is ideal for you because of the space it offers.

I own this version and only keep one gun in it most of the time, using the rest of the space for storage of ammo.

I have a large shelf in the bedroom where I’ve mounted this safe so that any intruder to my home will never make it into the bedroom. It’s quiet, but if you find a squeak begins to happen on opening, just take some WD-40 to the gears and you’ll be fine. 

It's also the best handgun safe for the money in this time.​​

Conclusion

SentrySafe’s Quick Access Pistol safe is the best pistol safe available on the market, particularly in its class.

The variety of options proves that SentrySafe really cares about its customers and their concerns.

There is literally something for everybody here. I always encourage the modern tech variety, and push you to consider the Biometric option for most situations.

If you’ve enjoyed this article, please share on your social channels so that others can learn of the different options SentrySafe has provided here. Leave a comment and tell me which one is your favorite!

Hunting A Coyote? Let’s Find How To Trap A Coyote

Is a coyote being a constant nuisance to you, your property, or your animals?

The best option for you may be to trap it. This is a tricky task, but it can be done.

I trapped my first coyote at the age of 22 after several failed attempts over the years. My grandpa had the method down to a science, but it took me many tries to finally get it right.

Here in this article I’m going to fill you in on how to trap a coyote, and mistakes to avoid during the process.

Identify the correct coyote.

Coyotes travel in packs, but are very individually motivated when certain instincts chime in.

This is important when it comes to how to trap a coyote because if you catch the wrong one, your damage problems are going to continue.

Before ever setting the trap, do some studying and observing of the coyotes in your area.

Most problem-causing coyotes are youthful males at the peak of their strength and ability. Because of their highly agile demeanor, these coyotes have enough confidence in their skill at getting away (mixed with a lack of control over their instincts) that they are more willing to take risks.

Once you’ve caught a coyote, look for tell-tale signs of livestock damage.

Check their teeth and paws for evidence of a killing. Check their fur for any signs of your property and your livestock.

Use a large quick-response trap

Some characteristics of the trap I always use, that I got from my grandpa:

  • 6-inch jaw spread. This is a minimum. Due to their speed and high level of awareness that coyotes maintain, you’re not going to fool them into stepping in anything smaller than that
  • Number 3 coil. This one is the right size and speed to trap the coyote before they have a chance to get their paw or body part out of the way
  • Any part of the trap must act as one unit. If you have problems clamping onto the coyote, the answer is to increase the velocity of the closing mechanism. I highly encourage you to buy a new trap from a reputable dealer instead of modifying one that you already have

Set the trap where there is evidence of disruption

Coyotes are prone to return to areas that have been fruitful for them in the past. Set your trap near the area where an incident has occurred. If you have any type of a livestock decoy that can assist the situation, set it up there.

Here is a video on trapping coyotes.

One place I really have found great is elevated areas. I like to place the trip off to the side of a ridge peak. Always in the direction I suspect they are moving in as it relates to where the incidents are occurring.

Here are the most frequent areas I’ve had success when working on how to trap a coyote:

  • Feeding areas. Coyotes smell not just your livestock, but their food. This draws them in because they sense the double whammy. When setting a trap here, be sure it is somewhere that your animals are not going to step in
  • Small openings. Coyotes work their way into holes in fences, yards, and other areas that provide a sort of secretive entrance and exit. This makes the perfect place for you to set a trap, because the only animal that is covering that ground is going to be the coyote
  • Trails and paths. Coyotes appear at night along trail ways and other more clearly marked areas that they tend to move away from during daylight hours. I always catch my coyotes at night when visibility is down and they are more likely to make a mistake. Paths make for an easier way for the coyote to get towards their preferred destination, and thus their guard may be lowered as they move along them

Confuse the coyote and lure him in

Try to catch the coyote when he least expects it. I’ve found digging a hole and basing my trap setup around that is a great way to get them caught when they can’t wiggle their way out.

Decreased mobility is going to work in your favor. By trapping them partially in a hole or by placing some feed in a hole just beyond the trap, your odds of success will increase.

Here is a video on how to make a dirt hole set.

Also, note the decoy strategy here. The more factors you have working in your favor, the better. How to track a coyote boils down to outthinking him, and taking advantage of him where he is weak. Hills, food, and animals are three of those areas.

How to trap a coyote: What to avoid

Coyotes are smart animals, in addition to being incredibly fast and agile. As such, any type of cage trap isn’t likely to work. The animal will detect it from afar and steer clear of it entirely.

Another thing to avoid is breaking the law. Depending on where you are located, there may be differing regulations and advisable procedures for setting, trapping, and handling a coyote.

Always check with your local wildlife department or animal control sector to find the best way to solve your problem.

Additionally, don’t set up your traps near dry brush.

Coyotes tend to stick away from these kind of areas as them make noise, startle them, and generally aren’t productive for them. The same goes for hay and other animal edibles that coyotes don’t like.

Do some research on what attracts coyotes in your area and incorporate those things into your strategy.

Conclusion

Trapping coyotes is tough, but by following these best practice your odds of getting rid of the nuisance will increase.

If you have to trap a few before getting the right one, so be it. After all, your livestock and income are at stake here.

If you have enjoyed this article, please give it a share on your social channels and do your part to increase awareness. Have a strategy that works in your specific neck of the woods? Check my recent post about the best gun safe for the money to storage your weapon of coyote hunting. 

Leave a comment below so that any in the region can adopt the same policy.

Glock 18- Some Important Thing You Need To Know

The Glock 18 is among the most popular handguns on the market for its purposes.

The weapon was originally developed in Austria and introduced in 1982. I first bought a Glock in the early 1990s, after persuasion from a friend whom I’d been visiting the shooting range with frequently.

Glock18

Glock18

Granted, it wasn’t an 18, because they’re near impossible to get.

But it was a Glock, and my buddy had been using one for a few years and loved it. He noted that I would see an increase in enjoyment and accuracy during my shoots.

Let’s take a look at why the Glock 18 is such a legendary piece of equipment, and what separates it from guns that are actually available in the US.

What is the Glock 18?

The Glock 18 is a 9mm chambered gun. Made to be full size, these babies are fully automatic and thus fully illegal for the average citizen to buy.

The full-auto component is the main thing separating the Glock 18 from the Glock 17. Anyone who tells you they’ve shot an 18 is probably full of it and has probably only shot a 17. Unless, of course, they’ve got military or police experience.

Basically, the Glock 18 is one of the most badass pistols ever produced. If you’ve never seen one fired before, check out this video. It will get your heart pumping!

What are the Glock 18’s characteristics and purposes?

The Glock originally was built to meet the needs of the Austrian army after World War II.

Glock 18 Semi Automatic

​Photo from video of TheFirePowerSolution

They were looking to upgrade their standard issue pistol to be self-loading and have a capacity of eight rounds.

The Glock, as it is commonly referred to as, is specifically designed to be one of the safest pistols available. It can be dropped from a height of over 4 feet without firing.

Additionally, the gun is built to resist just about any type of accidental fire. If you are have a glock, i recommend you buy the best gun safe for the money to keep it safe.

The 9mm Glock 18 automatic can fire 1200 rounds minute – not going to be easy to acquire that one! There have been different models and multiple generations of Glock guns produced over the years, none as legendary as the 18.

  • Recoil. As far as recoil, Glock 18s are the best pistol for a short-recoil operated semi-automatic. The barrel is hammer-forged and offers one of the past behind-ammo gas seals ever developed. For quick fire and ease of use, I’ve found my Glock 18 to be an absolute stunner. When I first started using it, it only took one trip to the range for me to feel comfortable with the process of prepping, loading, shooting, and handling the weapon. Because of its size, storage is no problem either
  • Feed. The gun feeds double stack magazines. The magazines used can be swapped out with just about any of the same caliber
  • Sighting. The sighting arrangement on the Glock 18 is a combat ready fixed polymer piece. The front is ramped, the rear is notched, and I have found windage adjustment is much less of an issue here than with other pistols
  • Fire. 1200 rounds per minute, fully automatic. Here’s a video of a kid shooting a Glock 18

Glock 18 add-ons and upgrades

Because of its popularity spanning four decades now, Glock 18 shooters have the luxury of being able to modify their gun rather easily. I’ve got a tactical light on mine that was easy to put on the front rail and has made accuracy and line of sight a non-issue in most situations.

My buddy that got me into the Glock 18 has upgraded his magazine capacity. All this took was a trip to the gun store and a quick consult with the guy behind the counter. He’s also got a real nice pouch that he bought at the shop which fits the increased magazine capacity with no discomfort.

The manufacturer has released upgrades for release levers, trigger upgrades, and even spring cups that prevent the day being ruined by water getting into the firing pin assembly channel. Not a bad list of ways to ensure you’ve got the best pistol available. Most of this stuff is a bit much for simple range practice. But us gun fanatics can never have enough toys to complete the setup and increase our leg to stand on in weapon conversations.

How easy is it to buy a Glock 18?

The simple answer here is: not very easy, at least for the Glock 18s of lore. Here is a quick rundown:

  • Glock 18s that were registered before May 19, 1986 are very rare, so I wouldn’t encourage you to count on finding one of those that is actually legitimate, for anything less than what you’d pay for a timeshare
  • Most Glock 18s automatics made after that date are only available to the military, law enforcement agencies, and specified dealers

The moral of the story here is that you’re not going to get one. Unless you’ve got a lot of money, power, or are in a law enforcement or military profession. But hey, we can all dream. Right?

Conclusion

I’m guessing that this article has you pretty excited about the prospects of shooting a Glock 18.

If you ever get the opportunity to do so, definitely take advantage of it. I’m a Glock enthusiast and can’t recommend it any higher.

Please help us share the stoke – share this article on your social media channels and encourage people to check it out.

Do you have a story to tell about shooting a Glock 18? Go ahead and leave a comment below and tell us all about it. I bet we can get a diary’s worth of stories here. Bonus points to anyone who has a story of using it professionally in the field – thank you for your service and we look forward to hearing your story.

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