Most modern firearms are treated with some type of exterior coating above the metal to reduce the chance of the metal underneath rusting.
However, this is not to say that it is impossible for a modern firearm to rust. Rusting is most common in older firearms. Looking to fix up one of grandpa’s old guns? Wondering how to get the rust off?
how to remove rust from a gun.
Look no further. We will go over the best way to take rust off a firearm, and some things to avoid doing.
It is worth noting that this will only help in removing surface rust off a firearm. If your gun has fully rusted through, it is going to take significantly more work than what we are recommending here.
What is Rust?
Rust forms when iron reacts with oxygen.
This process is referred to as oxidization. The process is generally really slow, but can be significantly sped up when the metal is introduced to salt or water.
This is the reason that one day in the rain can cause surface rust to form on a firearm.
How to Remove Rust
Removing rust is not a hard process.
You will have to essentially scrape it off, using a metal that isn’t as hard as the metal of the firearm.
You can use a harder metal, but it will ruin the finish of the firearm.
For this reason, your best bet to remove the rust off the firearm is going to be copper products. To successfully remove the surface rust, you’re going to want:
Copper wool. You can use copper wool to scrape the whole outside
Copper brush. The copper brush will help you get into the more tight spaces, and a caliber specific size will allow you to clean the barrel
Dry rags. Rags will help to wipe the scraped off rust off the surface of the firearm
Removing the rust is pretty easy. You just need to scratch it off using the copper products already mentioned.
It really is that simple. There is not an easier way to do it safely. It’s just going to take some elbow grease to get the rust off.
How Not to Remove Rust
There are quite a few rust removal products available on the market.
This article will give some of the reasons for its popularity, to show you why it’s an excellent weapon for you to own.
Reliability. The semiautomatic functioning of this weapon is extremely reliable. This mechanism hasn’t changed much since the weapon’s inception, and continues to be extremely reliable and consistent feature
Multiple options. One of the best features of this weapon is the number of different options available. There are classic wood-styled weapons and modernized black synthetic weapons. There are also compact sizes available. The Ruger 10/22 is an excellent weapon to teach a new shooter with. Due to the small rimfire .22LR cartridge, there is minimal recoil, and it is very quiet
Takedown model. This one option deserves its own point. One model of the Ruger 10/22, the Takedown, has a barrel that is detachable. As such, you are able to pack the weapon down into a smaller package. This is an excellent feature for a survival rifle or to take camping
Durability. The weapon is extremely resistant to the elements, due to its outer coating and polymer trigger housing
Affordability. As far as firearms go, this is one of the most affordably priced weapons. There are slightly cheaper .22LR weapons available, but none will be nearly as high quality as the Ruger 10/22. This weapon is an excellent value purchase
Trigger. The trigger of this weapon is extremely smooth and consistent. As mentioned before, it is housed in a polymer trigger housing that is extremely resistant to the elements
Positive safety. The manual cross bolt safety is an excellent feature, especially when using this weapon to teach new shooters
Scope mounts included. The weapon comes from the manufacturer with a scope base adapter and scope mounts included, which makes it extremely easy to install a scope on the weapon. The best scope for ruger 10/22 is good choice for your rifle.
Rotary magazine. The 10 round rotary magazine is extremely smooth and reliable. Since it’s a rotary style magazine, it is neatly tucked into the weapon to maintain a sleek look. It is equally easy to release the magazine
There is so much to love about the Ruger 10/22, but these are just a few of the highlights.
It’s an extremely smooth and consistent weapon that is very easy to use. The durability will make you feel comfortable with your purchase.
As long as it is treated properly, there is no reason that you won’t be able to pass this weapon along to your children one day.
All of these features come at an affordable price, to sweeten the deal.
All in all, the Ruger 10/22 is likely the best .22LR weapon on the market, and there are plenty of reasons to own it.
Are you starting to shop for your first handgun and feeling overwhelmed?
Choosing the first handgun
There are so many factors to consider! In this simple guide, we will give you a few key tips to keep in mind, to hopefully assist you in making the best purchase for you.
For someone new to firearms, handguns can seem extremely complicated. All of the different features can be overwhelming, but over time, they become easier and easier to understand.
1. What purpose will the handgun serve?
This should be self explanatory, but make sure to take into account what the handgun will actually be used for.
If you are looking for a concealed carry weapon, you are likely looking for a much different weapon than if you are looking for a home defense weapon.
2. Quality of your handgun
Handguns definitely follow the golden rule of “you get what you pay for.” If you buy one of the cheapest available handguns, you are likely to have issues with it at some point.
3, Grip size.
This is one of those things that when you know, you know. When you pick up what will be your new handgun for the first time, you’ll know exactly what I’m talking about. It’ll fit in your hand just right. Keep in mind that some handguns have replaceable grips and backstraps, so you can adjust the grip somewhat. Folks with larger hands will struggle to find a smaller weapon that fits their hand.
4. Thumb safety.
This can be a huge factor for some people. For me personally, I feel much safer and more comfortable with a handgun that has a manual thumb safety as opposed to a trigger safety.
Whatever kind of safety features your weapon has, make sure you feel comfortable with it and know how to operate it.
This somewhat ties in to the first tip, but what magazine capacity are you looking for? Keep in mind your use for the weapon.
Also ties into the first tip. If you are looking for a sidearm for big game hunting, you probably want to consider a larger round, such as .45ACP, whereas if you are looking for a pistol that fits in your pocket, you’re going to be looking for a .380.
7. Exposed hammer?
Some people prefer hammer-fired weapons with an exposed hammer, as you can always see the position of the hammer. The argument against this is always that you should know what state your weapon is, and the hammer is only one more thing to catch on your holser/pants/shirt.
8. Revolver or pistol?
This has been written about many times. Long story short, revolvers are more reliable and can shoot larger projectiles, and pistols have a larger magazine capacity.
9. Cleaning ability.
If you’re looking for your first handgun, it is likely that you are relatively new to firearms. Make sure that your new handgun is relatively easy to take down to clean. Don’t forget to buy a cleaning kit or some cleaning supplies to go along with your new weapon!
It may seem like a small thing, but those difficult to see sights aren’t going to get any better with time.
As with anything firearms related, safety is the most important thing to consider.
Before buying your first handgun, do a little research on how to safely operate and handle a handgun. This may save you an awkward minute at the gun store, and will also give you some confidence with your new piece of equipment while ensuring that you and everyone around you remains safe.
The Basics of ACOG (Advanced Combat Optical Gunsight)
The Trijicon ACOG (Advanced Combat Optical Gunsight) is a red dot style sight.
One of the best ACOG on the market.
Trijicon ACOG 4x32 BAC Dual Illuminated Riflescopes
Red dot sights have been written about multiple times on this website, so we will not discuss the basics about red dot sights. An ACOG is an example of an internal reflex sight. This kind of sight has multiple lenses, and has a tube shape.
The ACOG has a fixed magnification, meaning that it is not adjustable at all.
However, from the manufacturer, there are multiple magnification levels available. This allows you to select exactly how much magnification you need, from 1.5 to 6 magnification power.
Without variable magnification, there is less moving parts, so the scope is more durable.
The scope is compact, and uses a red dot aiming reticle.
However, this red dot is different than almost every other optic available on the market. The red dot on the ACOG isn’t battery powered, but have tritium in a fiber optic cable that illuminate the reticle based on how much light is available.
This completely eliminates the need for a battery, which is one less thing to worry about.
The reticle also has a bullet drop compensated reticle, which further increases its accuracy.
Another excellent feature of this scope is how rugged it is. It is made from high strength aircraft aluminum, making it extremely strong.
The manufacturer claims that it’s virtually indestructible. It is also waterproof to 100 meters. To prove its strength and durability, it is widely used in the United States military.
Here is video 500 meter- Ar15 with ACOG Scope:
How to Use that ACOG?
The beauty of the ACOG is how simple it is to use.
Without batteries, there is no turning the scope on or anything. Assuming the optic is zeroed, simply open the lenses, aim down the sight with both eyes open, and fire your weapon.
It really could not be easier to use. Looking down the sight with both eyes open makes it extremely easy to use.
Pros and Cons of ACOG
The biggest pros of this optic are:
Military approved strength and durability.
Battery-free use. Never have to worry about a dead battery, forgetting a battery, or turning your optic on
Magnification. While fixed, magnification is a nice feature in a red dot style sight
Accurate, and includes bullet drop compensated reticle
Reliable. There is basically nothing in this sight that can break. It will last more or less forever
The cons of this optic are:
The biggest problem of ACOG is Price.
Fixed magnification. Many people prefer variable magnification
Who Should Use an ACOG?
An ACOG would work for just about every single person.
Whether you are a casual shooter, a competitive shooter, or a hunter, an ACOG will work for you.
The reliability and accuracy make this one of the best optics available. The different levels of fixed magnification allow you to select exactly how much magnification you need for the type of shooting you do.
The ACOG is also great for a new shooter, as they are very easy to shoot with, thanks to being able to shoot with both eyes open. It is also an extremely easy sight to zero and adjust.
There is only one specific group of people that I would not recommend and ACOG to. If you do a lot of traveling hunting or do other similar activities that require you to take shots at vastly different distances, an ACOG is NOT your best bet due to the fixed magnification. If you are regularly shooting at both 20 meters and 400 meters, you are probably going to want a variable magnification optic.
Wondering about the shelf life of ammunition is an extremely common question that most people have.
How Long Will Ammo Last For
Whether you are hoping to stockpile ammunition for any number of purposes or have found some older ammunition, it is extremely common to wonder how long it will last for.
While there is no one single answer, as not all ammo is the exact same, there are a few rules of thumb to follow.
Most ammunition is good for at least 10 years, but a few factors can affect this. The primary factors that will shorten this shelf life are being exposed to high heat or moisture.
At high temperatures, the chemical composition of the gunpowder can start being affected. While it may not be instantaneous, sustained exposure to extremely high heats can negatively impact the ammunition. Over time, it may cause the round to be less effective, and eventually could lead to the ammunition not working.
When ammunition is exposed to moisture, whether it is submerged in water or experiences high humidity, the powder could potentially become ineffective.
Once the propellant gets wet, it may not burn, so the ammunition may not function.
Generally speaking, manufacturers say that their ammunition is supposed to last for 10 years. However, this is just a general number that they give.
There is absolutely no reason that the ammo can’t be used after 10 years, if it is stored properly. Ammunition that is stored in a generally cool and dry place will last for well past 10 years. While it may not be the best idea to keep ammunition for this long, there’s no reason that it wouldn’t still function.
3 Tips For Storing Your Ammunition
Try to store ammunition indoors in a climate controlled room. Best gun safe is good choice.
If you must store it outdoors or in the attic, keep it in a place that won’t be in direct sunlight
Consider using an ammo can – they will keep the ammunition cooler and protect from moisture
One thing to keep in mind is that once your ammunition has been taken out of this cool and dry environment, it should be used at your soonest convenience.
If you take your ammo out to the range on a hot or rainy day, or take it out hunting in the swamp, your best bet is to expend that ammo sooner rather than later.
In conclusion, ammo will last as long as you treat it right. As long as it’s stored in a cool and dry environment, there is no reason that the ammo can’t last for decades.
However, once it has been exposed to high heat or moisture, you run the risk of it being no good.
Red dot sights are extremely common on many modern rifles.
While they are extremely simple sights, most people do not understand exactly how they work.
Red Dot Sights in use
Curious about the basics of red dot sights? Look no further. In this article, we will go over the types of red dot sights, how they work, pros and cons of red dot sights, and potential uses.
Red dot sight is NOT exactly a specific type of sight; it is more of a general term.
The term “red dot sight” is used to describe any number of electronic weapon optics that utilize a red dot as an aiming point.
Green dots are also extremely common in weapons optics that would usually be referred to as a “red dot sight.”
Types of Red Dot Sights and How They Work
The different types of red dot sights have been written about on this website before, but I will give a very brief refresher of each, if you want to find more, click here:
The first type is a prism sight. Prism sights are very small and utilize a prism to focus the image you see down the scope, rather than the traditional series of lenses. They are often called “red dot sights” because of the illuminated reticle they commonly have. Generally speaking, they offer a small magnification.
Reflex sights are the most common type of red dot sights. Exposed reflex sights have an aiming point that is projected from the rear of the sight onto one single aiming window. They are extremely small, as they only have one small window. When you think of a “red dot sight,” odds are you are thinking about an exposed reflex sight. Internal reflex sights have two lenses, and the rear one projects the aiming point onto the forward lens. They are a tube shape.
Holographic sights are similar in appearance to exposed reflex sights. They differ in that they essentially use a picture of a reticle sandwiched between glass layers. EOTech owns the patent on holographic sights.
I already have post compare red dot vs scope, You should read it if you are confusing about this.
What Are Pros and Cons of Red Dot Sights
Why is Red Dot Sight Good?
The biggest pros of red dot sights are the versatility and the ease of use.
Pros of red dot sights
No matter what type of shooting you are doing, there is a red dot sight that will meet your needs.
There are magnified red dot sights as well as non-magnified red dot sights.
There are battery operated red dot sights as well as sights that do not require batteries.
Red dot sights are extremely easy to use. Once you have zeroed the sight, it’s as simple as point and shoot.
As opposed to iron sights, where you have to line up the rear sight and the front sight, red dot sights are extremely easy to use.
Reflex sights and holographic sights in particular are easy to use, because you can shoot them with both eyes open.
Red dot sights vary significantly in price. There are entry level red dot sights available at extremely affordable prices, while some of the higher quality sights are much more expensive.
More expensive sights, such as an EOTech holographic sight, will have a smaller MOA measurement.
So What's MOA?
MOA, or minutes of angle, is a measurement of the size of the reticle.
1 MOA commonly translates to 1 inch at 100 yards. A smaller MOA means that the reticle will cover less of targets at greater distances, allowing you to get a more accurate shot.
What's downside of Red Dot Sights?
The cons of red dot sights are kind of dependent on the type of red dot sight.
Prism sights have a smaller eye relief, meaning your eye has to be closer to the scope to accurately aim.
Reflex sights aren’t available with magnification, unless it is a completely separate scope.
Holographic sights are expensive.
Uses of a Red Dot Sight
As previously mentioned, red dot sights are extremely versatile.
They can be used for any number of different types of shooting. For just casual shooting, you would be fine with any number of red dot sights.
For accurate distance shooting, you would be better off with a prism sight or a holographic sight.
For hunting, any type of red dot sight would excel, as long as it is waterproof.
Related: If your own an ar15, i highly recommend you buy the best ar15 scope. I like to use an scope than red dot,
Overall, red dot sights are an excellent sight for the modern rifle.
The three different types all vary slightly, but are similar in that they use some type of dot type reticle for aiming.
While each type has its pros and cons, rest assured that there is a red dot sight available that will meet your needs.
While older shooters may not agree, red dot sights are the rifle sights of the future.
So, you just came home with your brand new rifle scope and got it installed on your rifle. Now you’re wondering, how do I go about getting this scope zeroed?
Zeroing a rifle scope is a relatively easy task, but many people are unsure exactly how to do this. In this article, we will go over some basics and talk about how to actually zero your rifle to your weapon.
Zeroing a rifle scope refers to aligning the point of impact with the aiming point. It’s a process of adjusting your scope to ensure that the projectile will actually impact where your aim point is. A rifle scope is zeroed when the bullet actually hits where you put your crosshair or aiming reticle.
Before you can start zeroing your rifle scope, make sure you understand how to go about adjusting your scope. You may have to look in the owner’s manual for your rifle scope to figure it out. To adjust a rifle scope, it is pretty common to spin a knob or turn an Allen key.
How to zero your scope:
To start, you need to select the distance at which you are going to zero your rifle scope. This should be based on the distance that you are planning to shoot your rifle.
If you are zeroing a rifle that will be used for long distance shots, you are probably going to want to zero it at a greater distance. I would recommend starting the zeroing process of a brand new rifle scope at a much closer distance, such as 25 meters.
If you need to shoot at longer distance, once you’ve got a 25 meter zero, you can confirm your zero at 100 meters or longer. Check the best long range scope for ar15 to get easy for zero.
There are paper targets available that are meant specifically for zeroing. These targets have a grid system, which will tell you how much you need to adjust your scope by based on the distance you are shooting with. However, any paper target will work. A paper target without grids will just take longer and require a little bit more guesswork.
Once you’ve got the target set up at your prescribed distance, use the following steps to accurately zero the scope.
Aim at the center of mass of the target, and shoot three rounds
Place the weapon on safe, and go down to check where your shots hit
Adjust the scope as necessary, using the owner’s manual. If your point of impact was to the right of the aiming point, adjust the scope to move the crosshairs or reticle accordingly
Continue to fire three round iterations and adjust your scope until your scope is zeroed. You will know that the scope is zeroed once you are accurately hitting what you are aiming at. Keep in mind, this may require multiple targets and quite a bit of time to perfect.
If your shot isn’t on paper at 25 meters, you have a couple options. You can either get a larger target or move the target in to a closer distance. This will allow you to start the process of getting your scope zeroed.
From there, you can confirm your zero at a greater distance. Minor mistakes will be more magnified over a greater distance, so it may require more adjustments when you shoot at a greater distance.
While most scopes are pretty durable, repeated rounds through the rifle will eventually move the scope slightly. It’s a good idea to reconfirm your zero every once in awhile before you go shoot or hunt.
As you can see, zeroing a rifle scope is a relatively easy process, but people who are new to firearms may be a little confused by exactly how to do it.
Zeroing your scope simply means ensuring that your bullet will hit exactly where your crosshairs or reticle are. It is easy to do, but it does take some time. It may also require getting into the owner’s manual of your scope to figure out exactly how to adjust it.
Deer are among the most mystical creatures on the planet. Long sought after by hunters. The cause of many ‘oohs’ and ‘ahs’ among children and hikers. A regular sighting in many regions throughout the world.
But with how common deer are throughout North America, it’s surprising how little most people know about them. We’re aiming to change that.
Today we’re going to take a look at how and why deer shed their antlers.
What are antlers?
Antlers on deer are, for all intents and purposes, an extension of bone.
Honeycombed bone, to be exact, that grows outside of the body. They extend outward from the pedicles. These are permanent fixtures on a deer’s head that develop during the first year of the buck’s life.
Each year, the antlers protrude outward from the pedicles.
There may be slight differences in the antlers year to year.
A buck’s health is one major reason for this.
The antlers will develop quickly. The process usually doesn’t take longer than two to four months and starts late in the Spring here in North America.
Testosterone, the male hormone, is the main factor in how a deer’s antlers will develop. Velvet is formed.
Over the course of the Spring, Summer, and Fall, the deer will typically rub his antlers against trees.
The velvet, as a result, shrinks and starts to tumble off, a procedure that actually benefits the animal because the antlers are strengthened and grow back again the next year.
The entire procedure is rehashed every Spring, and as long as the deer maintains decent testosterone levels he will keep his antlers deep into the Autumn season.
Here is a time lapse antler growth video:
Natural cycles which cause deer to shed their antlers
Why do deer shed their antlers?
It may not surprise you to learn that the reason this happens is purely natural. It all starts during the rut. Throughout this time, deer begin to lose the velvet on their antlers. It usually begins to happen in November in North America.
The biggest reason behind this is a drop in testosterone in the deer. As the testosterone drops, the antlers begin to loosen and eventually fall off. Without high levels of testosterone, the deer experience a weakening in the tissue, as well as the bones, at the base of the antlers.
Once a significantly low point is reached, the antlers fall off.
When does this happen?
There is a defined evolutionary process behind the shedding of a deer’s antlers. How familiar are you with photoperiods? Photoperiods act alongside the testorone to develop the antlers and determine when they will fall off. Genes also help determine early or late development and shedding of antlers because family history can have an impact on the overall health of the deer.
Emotional factors play into this as well. Deer experience social anxiety much like humans, which has a negative impact on their health and thus can lead to earlier dropping of the antlers.
A deer will generally lose his antlers at a similar point every year, barring medical emergency. Testosterone levels rise during the development and the subsequent shedding of the velvet. As the seasons begin to change, the physiological reaction of antler shedding is triggered.
When should a hunter get out and find the sheds?
Depending on where you are located in North America, early spring is typically the best time. Those in Colorado and southern parts of the country can start earlier because it typically warms earlier than it does in Canada, Minnesota, and other northern and colder areas.
We like to point out that while antlers can be found year round, the rise in popularity of collecting them generally means that if you aren’t on the ball early in the spring, there’s a strong chance that you will miss out entirely.
February for southern areas is a great time to start. Further north, March into April will suffice. Often, it depends on snow melt because the antlers might get covered over the course of the winter.
How long does it take for a deer to lose its antlers?
This all depends on how rapidly the deer’s testosterone levels drop.
In many cases, this can happen in less than two days. The antlers may appear to be firmly affixed one day. Then, as the rut progresses and natural cycles occur, the antlers begin to loosed rapidly
Before long, a sudden jerk of the head or scare from afar puts that final feather on the dam. The tissue is no longer strong enough to support the antlers, and as a result they simply fall off.
Generally speaking, peak condition bucks will hold onto their antlers longer than unhealthy or weaker bucks. They are able to maintain stronger tissue and remain in better physical condition, resulting in higher than average antler-to-head durability.
Late drop can be affected by a few distinct causes. Variable deer populations in an area play a big role. Low population means shedding won’t optimize until late March or April.
Second, first-year grovels that achieve rearing weight their first winter will come into estrous. This for the most part happens well after the pinnacle groove and is the primary driver of the second trench in many spots.
Also, circumstances like these will keep a buck’s testosterone levels higher for longer periods of time. If there is a lot of rivalry going on among male bucks, testosterone levels will peak. Strong mating seasons also have a similar effect.
Now you’ve got a general understanding of why and when deer shed their antlers.
The most important thing to keep in mind is what part of the continent you’re in. We can’t emphasize this enough- get out early! Early season leads to better antlers that are found with more ease and less time.
If you’ve enjoyed this article, please give us a share on social media. We all love deer, hunting, and antler collecting. Help us spread the good vibes! If you have specific hints on antler collecting that relate to your area, leave them in the comments below. Let’s make this the ultimate resource for antler knowledge!
There are shotguns available specifically for slugs with a rifled barrel, but this limits the shotgun to only shooting slugs.
Similarly, the range is limited to 75-100 yards, while high quality rifles can easily shoot out to 300+ yards.
While there are countless different types of rifles, they all function basically the same.
Rifles fire a traditional cartridge, which has a projectile located above a propellant filled casing. Rifles fire this projectile downrange at extremely high rates of speed. There are many different cartridge sizes available.
The Pros and Cons of The Rifle
The pros of a rifle are the range, accuracy, and the available options.
Sightmark Ultra Shot Reflex Sight-2
As previously mentioned, many modern rifles can accurately shoot out to 300+ yards.
When paired with modern optics, shooting to 300 yards is not even a stretch for the experienced marksman.
Due to the rifling in the barrel, rifle projectiles are able to travel much further and much more accurately.
With modern rifles, there are many options available. There are seemingly endless cartridge sizes and ammunition types.
Choosing the exact cartridge size you would like to shoot and pairing it with a hand chosen ammunition will help to ensure your exact needs are met.
However, even with the multiple cartridge and ammunition possibilities, rifles are still extremely limited compared to shotguns.
The cons of a rifle are its limited uses and potential legality issues.
Despite the fact that there are so many cartridges available, once you select your rifle, that specific cartridge is all that the weapon will be able to shoot.
With a shotgun, you can shoot multiple different loads of shot as well as slugs.
The other con, as previously mentioned, is that in some areas it is not legal to hunt with a rifle.
Why would a hunter choose to use a shotgun with slugs instead of a rifle?
First, there are some places where it’s illegal to hunt with a rifle.
In areas like this, hunting with a slug gun is absolutely necessary. However, there are other reasons to use a shotgun slug instead of a rifle as well.
If you hunt in an area with a lot of brush, a slug will travel through brush much better than a rifle bullet. Similarly, due to the stopping power, if you’re shooting within 100 yards, a shotgun is a better choice.
Shotgun Slug vs Rifle Bullet
Shotgun slugs and rifle bullets are similar in some regards, but different in others.
On one hand, they are both largely used for hunting deer and other larger animals. However, there are some key differences. Right off the bat, the biggest difference is the size.
Shotgun slugs commonly weigh about an ounce (437.5 grains), while rifle bullets are usually closer to 150 grains, dependent on the size.
Slugs are also significantly wider, at .69 inches in diameter, compared to rifle bullets which are commonly half that diameter or less.
As you can imagine, the significantly increased size and weight of the slug can be extremely devastating. A well placed shot with a slug will stop a deer dead in its tracks.
If you are planning on doing nothing but hunting for larger animals, such as deer, elk, and hogs, I would recommend getting a fine tuned modern rifle
If you know for a fact that you will be taking similar shots over and over again, a rifle is going to be your best bet, as long as it is legal in your area.
If you live in a flat area, where you will likely be taking long distance shots, you absolutely need a rifle.
If you plan on doing multiple types of hunting, but don’t mind buying multiple weapons, I would still recommend a rifle due to the increased accuracy and range.
However, if you plan on doing multiple types of hunting, but only want one firearm, a shotgun is the way to go. Choosing different loads will allow you to do many different types of hunting with this one versatile weapon.
If you plan on only hunting for birds, a shotgun is definitely your best bet.
If you live or hunt in a heavily wooded area, I would recommend a shotgun. As a result of the terrain, it is unlikely that you are going to take any shots at long distance. The added size and weight of a shotgun slug will be deadlier, but will also cut through foliage better.
If it’s illegal to hunt with rifles where you’re from, a shotgun is your best bet. If you’re looking for a home defense weapon, a shotgun will function admirably.
As you can see, both rifles and shotguns serve specific purposes.
While there are definitely circumstances where one is better than the other, they are both very useful weapons.
Shotguns are some of the most versatile firearms out there, and modern rifles have come a long way in terms of effective range and accuracy.
All said, decide what you need your firearm to do, and decide from there whether a shotgun or a rifle better suits your needs.
To first understand the basics of shotgun slugs, you must understand what exactly a slug is and how a shotgun works.
How a shotgun works
A shotgun is a firearm that shoots shells rather than the traditional rifle cartridge.
So what's the shotgun shells?
Shotgun shells are generally plastic and are filled with their intended projectiles
Shotgun shells are commonly filled with smaller projectiles, called shot, but can also have one singular piece of metal, called a slug
The traditional rifle cartridge is generally some type of a metal filled with a propellant and the projectile on top of the cartridge. Both are fired by a firing pin striking a primer.
After the shotgun is fired, many shotguns are pump action. When the pump is pushed rearward, it ejects the spent shell, and loads in the next shell.
What exactly is a slug
As previously mentioned, a slug is one solid projectile, rather than smaller projectiles, such as birdshot or buckshot.
When a slug is fired from a shotgun, one larger solid projectile is fired, making it similar to a rifle firing a bullet. A shotgun firing a slug can be viewed as a simple rifle.
Pros and cons of using a slug
Strength of Slug
When compared to a similar hunting rifle, a shotgun slug is much heavier. source
Generally speaking, a rifle slug is at least twice as heavy as a comparable rifle bullet. I have a article to compare shotgun with rifle, you can read it in here.
While an advanced rifle fires its projectile nearly twice as fast, the sheer weight of a shotgun slug makes it extremely deadly.
The cons of Slug
However, the range of a shotgun with a slug is much less than that of a rifle.
A general rule of thumb is that slugs work within 100 yards. Modern advanced rifles can accurately shoot out to at least three times that far.
Another con of using a slug is that they cost slightly more than rifle ammunition.
Man is holding his Shotgun
When is it better to use a slug?
There are multiple situations in which using a shotgun firing slugs would be better than using a rifle. This is some situations:
Legal issue: In some states and areas, you aren’t able to hunt using a rifle. In an area like this, using a shotgun shooting slugs will allow you to continue hunting legally
About weight: If you are hunting large game, due to the weight of the shotgun slug, you will have a deadlier shot. While there are also bigger rifle cartridges, these come with larger weapons. Shotguns are generally easier to carry around than a much larger comparable rifle
About performance: In heavily wooded areas, using a slug may also be preferential. As a result of the added weight and size, a slug will be able to penetrate through brush easier. Similarly, in any situation in which your expected shot is within 100 yards, a slug will be better than most rifle cartridges, because it is more deadly.
Shotguns are an extremely versatile weapon. Slugs are just another facet of their versatility.
Shooting slugs from a shotgun give you a basic rifle. While the range is greatly decreased, it fires a much larger and heavier projectile than most rifles, making it a much deadlier projectile. (You should choose the best scope for ar15 rifle to make a perfect shot)
While the slug is by no means a one size fits all answer, there are definitely specific circumstances in which shooting a slug is more than likely better than most rifles.
While it will ultimately come down to personal preference, a shotgun shooting slugs is a formidable weapon for hunting.