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Which Shotgun Choke Is The Most Open?

Which shotgun choke is the most open? For those of us in the firearms community, the term ‘pattern’ is something that arises frequently. This refers to the column of round shot pellets leaving the barrel of the gun. As they move further away, they begin to spread out. Towards the end of the shotgun’s range, targets will be missed by the pellets as they spread further apart.

The shotgun choke is the response of gun designers in their attempt to combat this effect. Choking means that the bore is restricted, which will keep the pattern closer together for longer distances.

Which shotgun choke is the most open?

The most open shotgun choke is called a ‘cylinder.’ The easiest way for you to analyze this is to look at the muzzle end of the barrel. You’ll notice that with cylinder chokes, there actually isn’t any constriction at all. The diameter of the choke is the same as the inside of the shotgun barrel. There is the lowest amount of bore reduction.

Restriction is essentially non-existent here, which causes the pattern to spread out much more so than with higher restriction chokes.

The tightest kind of shotgun chokes are called ‘extra tights.’ These are basically the opposite of a cylinder choke. Restriction of the pattern’s spread is maximized, for increased long-range target accuracy.

For larger game, tighter chokes can help with targets on the move and further away. But for me, it’s been many years since I’ve used a tight choke. I don’t do much other than duck hunting anymore. I’ve got a buddy who is a diehard fan of turkey hunting, and he prefers to use a tight choke. Here is a great video explaining shotgun chokes with visuals.

Why do I want to use a looser choke?

The biggest advantage to using a looser choke is seen particularly by duck hunters. With waterfowl, a super tight choke can have two effects when using steel pellets (lead pellets were outlawed by the federal government for waterfowl hunting in the nineties):

  • Potential damage to the barrel. Steel can damage the barrel because it isn’t as malleable as lead. It doesn’t cooperate as well with tight chokes.
  • It can harm the meat on the animal. Obviously, if you’re hunting for food, you don’t want the meat to be tarnished by the shot.
  • I really like the way these guys explained why they use certain chokes on duck hunts.:

So, to prevent these two things from happening, waterfowl hunters began using more open chokes. Hence, the rising popularity of the cyclinder.

I first began to prefer an open choke shortly after the regulations took place in 1991. By the following season, I began noticing severe distress to the barrel of my shotgun. This began to have a great impact on my hunting, so I started using the cyclinder choke.

Ever since, I’ve been working on ways to maximize my shooting accuracy with the most open choke, and have gotten a lot better. It takes an immense amount of practice, but at the end of the day I have better meat resulting from my increased shooting skill level. All without damaging the barrel of my gun.

The bottom line

When selecting the best choke for your shotgun, the most important factor is to consider what type of game you are hunting. For turkeys and larger game birds, a tighter choke is going to be the better option.

For those of us duck hunters, the cyclinder is the most open shotgun choke and therefore the best for us. I always recommend heading to the range and spending ample time on the patterning board prior to hitting the field. Notice how the pellets strike the target, and adjust your shooting technique as necessary.

Many new hunters don’t realize the advantages of using an open choke on their shotgun when waterfowl hunting. I’d appreciate it if you shared this article on social media so that more new hunters can learn of the pros and cons of different chokes. Do you have any techniques you’d like to share? Go ahead and leave them here in the comments, and we’ll get a discussion going.

What Is The First Step In Cleaning A Firearm?

Perhaps your firearm has been on a good adventure with you, or maybe you just bought it and want to make sure it is ready for the field. So what is the first step in cleaning a firearm? You’ll want to make sure the process is done correctly so as not to damage the weapon or cause rust. It took me several cleaning processes before I really felt comfortable with cleaning my firearm. Today, I’ll show you my process and the best practices for keeping that gun clean.

Buy a cleaning kit.

These can be pretty simple. You’ll want to make sure that you have these items:

  • Bore brush
  • Oil
  • Rag
  • Cotton swabs
  • Ample lighting in the leaning area
  • Patch holder with patches

Have a good commercial solvent

Basically, a solvent is a substance that has the ability to dissolve something else. This is incredibly important when cleaning a firearm. Unlike washing dishes or cleaning most other things, a simple rub down with some soap isn’t going to cut it here.

  • Use a garage or other area with open doors/windows to keep fresh air flowing in.
  • Clean all metal parts of the firearm thoroughly with the commercial solvent. Make sure the barrel is getting a good clean as well.
  • Clean the bore up through the breech end, wherever possible. Spend ample time here making sure that the bore is as clean as the barrel and rest of the metal parts on the weapon.
  • Run the dry patch through to double check for cleanliness. Let the area dry before proceeding.

Stick an oily patch into the barrel

The goal here is to get it nice and lubed up. Apply a liberal dose of oil onto the patch and slide it back and forth in the barrel of the gun, ensuring the entire area is reached. Any parts of the gun that are metal should receive a light coating of oil. Here is a great video on how to clean a firearm. It should go without saying, but always make sure your gun is unloaded before starting this process:

Store the firearm in a horizontal position

This will help it dry and keep the oil on all parts that need it. If storing firearm horizontally is a challenge, face the muzzle down so that any run-age will come out of the barrel instead of clogging the back end. If you have a gun rack, I always suggest designating a specific place for firearms that have just been cleaned. The best gun safe is my recommend

  • Do not leave the weapon laying on its side on a table or counter.
  • Do not store vertically with the butt of the gun facing down.

Prior to firing the gun, run a clean patch through the barrel

This removes any excess oil or dirt. It makes sure that everything will go smoothly when firing, and that there aren’t any clogs or backlogs within the barrel. Here are a few tips I have for streamlining your firearm cleaning process:

  • Keep oil on hand at all times. Have it designated as only for cleaning your firearms, that way you won’t use it for anything else. Storing it in the gun safe or in the same general area as your guns will make sure that you always know where it is, and no one else is using it for other purposes.
  • Get into the habit of cleaning your firearms regularly. When starting the first step in cleaning a firearm, always follow the same procedure. There shouldn’t be any variations when cleaning the same gun. Consistency is key!
  • Dedicate a rag for the task. Always keep it on hand with the oil.

There you have it. If someone asks you what is the first step in cleaning a firearm, you can point them to this article. I hope you found this informative. If so, we’d appreciate it if you shared on social media. If you have any tips for cleaning a firearm that we didn’t mention here, feel free to leave a comment. Let’s get a discussion going.

Which Scope Should You Choose Fixed or Variable

Choosing the best riflescope can be a difficult task if you are a new to the game. The first thing that comes to mind is that you are in need of the best scope that suits your budget. There are thousands of options available and finding one to suit your budget leaves you with several factors you need to consider before buying one.

The first and most important questions are for what purpose are you going to use the scope and buying one based on other shooters experience is not always the right choice for you. An optic that works for one shooter may not work for you as one’s eyesight is different to another shooter’s eyesight. If you are using Ar10, you can check the best scope for AR 10, I have review 4 of them.

As you know there are two different types of scopes a variable tactical scope and a fixed scope and today the RifleScopeGuy is going to show you the differences between the two, leaving you to decide which one is best suited for your needs.

Two Types of Magnification

The Fixed Powered Scope

The fixed powered scope has a unique design as it only uses one specific power and you cannot change it. For example, the magnification can be set to 6 x 42. These scopes are more reliable than your variable type of scope. However, they do have some disadvantages you cannot change the power when needed. The advantage is that the fixed scope gives you a brighter and clearer view. The reason for this is that it does not have different lenses for the light to emit through the scope.

The Variable Tactical Scope:

When it comes to shooting the variable tactical scope is more versatile to use as the scopes designed with variable power. You can change the magnification settings to suit your different situations from hunting or shooting for fun at the shooting range.

The Basic Terminology Found In Both Scopes

The only difference between a fixed and variable scope is the magnification settings. The rest of the terminology is basic for both scopes as the following is important when choosing either one.

1. The Objective Lens

The objective diameter is the measurement of the lens found on the end of your scope. They can vary in size from 32 – 50 mm. The only thing that the objective lens does is to gather the image of your target and allows the light to transmit through the scope. The larger the objective lens the more lights transmitted to your eye. The only disadvantage is that the bigger the objective lens is the heavier the scopes designed and needs a higher position.

The objective lens works as follow: a standard 40mm objective lens at 5-x power gives you an exit pupil of 8mm when viewing your target through the ocular lens. This means that the objective lens diameters divided by the magnification and equals the diameter of the exit pupil.

2. The Reticle

The different brands available have different reticles and each shooter has their own preference. You can buy a scope with a mil-dot, MOA, Bullet Drop Compensate for long-range shooting, and standard duplex reticles. The main purpose of the reticle also known as the crosshair is to provide you with a centralized aiming point as each one caters for different shooting purposes.

When you look at the hunting crosshair they are made of wire, but the glass-etched ones are also becoming very popular, as they are precise and durable.

3. A Critical Measurement is the Eye Relief

When deciding on your scope the eye reliefs critical. A handgun scope only has a 20-inch eye relief and suitable to use for short distance shooting. While shooting with a rifle or shotgun that has a powerful recoil needs and optic that gives you a longer eye relief range.

4. The Field of View Varies From One Brand to Another

If you are planning to hunt you, need a wide field of view as you will able to pick your target quickly? If you plan to shoot long distances, the F.O.V is not that critical. The field of view varies from one brand to another and best to read the available specs when buying your scope.

5. The Importance of Light Transmission

Light Transmission is the amount of light transmitted through the scopes lens. Some of the best riflescopes can give you a light transmission of up to 95%. This means that the scope transmits through 95% of light without reflecting it away from the lens. Here magnification plays an important role, as a scope with a good light transmission is easier on your eye to focus when used during the day.

6. The Importance of Parallax Adjustment

When you look at your target at a distance greater than 100 yards parallax occurs either in front or behind the reticle. Once you move your eye from the optical axis of the scope, parallax occurs. This is an important feature to have when buying a long-range scope, as they are equipped with either an adjustable objective or a side focus parallax. With an adjustable objective, you can focus down closer when shooting at short distances. With a side focus adjustment, you do not need to move your head or rifle too much.

7. The Turrets

You can buy a riflescope with exposed or covered turrets. You can buy them in ½ MOA up to ⅛ MOA adjustments. Each adjustment is suitable for different needs and you use the exposed turret for target shooting, as it’s easier to change the distance of the target. Closed turrets are great for hunting as once the scopes sighted there is no need of changing it.

8. The Exit Pupil

Exit pupil measurements important when shooting, especially when the light begins to fade as the higher the exit pupil it allows you to see through the scope for longer. You can measure the exit pupil as follow: you take the objective lens and divide the power magnification. When buying a 3-9×40-magnification scope you take the 40/9 and this equals to 4.4mm of light.

Final Thoughts

As you can see there, are different factors to consider when buying a fixed or variable scope? Another topic that many people argue about is the brand. At the RifleScopeGuy, you can buy different famous brands such as Leupold, Nikon, Vortex, Burris, and Bushnell. By knowing what you are, going to use your scope for is the first step and the second step is to know your basic terminology. When buying the best riflescope whether it be a fixed or variable one the choice is still yours.

The Evolution Of The AR10 And The Best AR10 Versions

The AR-10 is definitely one of the rifles that you would like to have if you are a rifle aficionado, not only because it is good to use, but also because it is the forerunner of other versions of ArmaLite. There is surely no AR-15 without an AR-10; hence, it is but good to know where the heck the modern versions of ArmaLite came from.

How to find the best ar10 for the money

How to find the best ar10 for the money. Source: en.wikipedia.org

There were times likewise when the AR-10 ruled it over any other rifles available in the market. When Eugene Stoner conceived of the AR-10 in the late 50’s, he definitely knew that what he was up to was something great. Hence, when the first AR-10 graced the rifle market, most rifle enthusiasts and even hunting enthusiasts wanted to get hold of the AR-10.

The reason for this is that it was very innovative with a straight-line barrel and stock design that was never been used before. It is made of phenolic composite and some forged alloy parts which make AR-10 significantly smaller as compared to other rifles then, and allows its users to have easier control during automatic firing. Moreover, it was definitely lighter as compared to other infantry rifles during those days.

Throughout its existence, the AR-10 has evolved and had been rescaled. In fact, it was rescaled in 1957 and had been substantially improved to allow for the use of .223 Remington cartridge. However, it was not only the military who wanted to gain access to the use of AR-10; even governments who had learned of the effectiveness and efficiency of AR-10 had become desirous of buying this highly taunted rifle.

Find the best scope for AR 10 in my recent article

Variants of the best AR10

best-ar10

Fairchild holds the patent for the manufacturing of AR-10 since the late 1950s. In 1956, when the US Army was bent on replacing the old M1 Garand which was quite heavy, Fairchild submitted two prototype of AR-10. However, Fairchild was not successful in its bid at that time for the conventional T44 won the bid.

When the manufacturing license of AR-10 was bought by Artillerie Inrichtingen (A.I), AR-10 had its chance of being mass produced. Nicaragua ordered around 7,500 rifles; however, the deal was canceled when General Anastasio Somoza was almost hit by the ejector while doing the endurance test for the old AR-10.

Experts in firearms basically see three distinct variants of AR-10 that were produced under A.I. These were the Sudanese, the Transitional, and the Portuguese Models of AR-10. The good tips for you, you can use the best shooting ticks to hold the ar10, it will help you have the best target.

1. The Sudanese Models

The Sudanese models were built by A.I for the Sudanese Government which ordered them. In 1958, the Sudan Government ordered around 2,500 rifles.

This model was distinct because it was fitted with lightweight fluted steel barrel with flash suppressor. It also had a bayonet lug, just like the rifles of the old days. Moreover, it had lightweight furniture made of fiberglass, and sight graduations written in Arabic. With empty magazine, it only weighs around 3.3 kg.

The Sudanese Government paid around $225 each for these rifles. The Sudanese model had been in service in Sudanese Army until the 1985.

2. The Transitional Model

During the time in between the production of the Sudanese Model and the Portuguese Model, there were other versions of AR-10 that were manufactured by A.I. for specific clients.

These versions were rightly termed by firearms experts as the Transitional Models. For example, Finland and Germany had a special version of AR-10 made for their evaluation. Likewise, KLM requested a 16″ barreled AR-10 for its survival kit for its crews.

There were also other Transitional AR-10 made due to specific requests from clients, and some of these were fitted with folding bipod allowing the user to lay the firearm flat under his/her forearm. Other countries such as Austria, Germany, Netherlands, South Africa, and even Finland did purchase a limited number of AR-10 transitional Models. Italy also requested several units of AR-10 for its Navy.

3. Portuguese Model

The third design from A.I was the Portuguese Model. As the AR10 became very popular among those countries that had become acquainted with it, AR-10 also gained its final innovations.

Based on data gathered about the use of AR-10, A.I began to produce the Portuguese Model AR-10. The features of the Portuguese Model include a heavier barrel that has chrome-lined chamber, removable hand-guards, optional bipod, wider bolt lugs, a novel and simplified gas regulator, stronger extractor, a forward-bolt assist cocking handle. Around 5 thousand variants of this model had been produced.

More than 10 thousand units of AR10 were produced before the Fairchild dissolved its manufacturing contract with A.I. Since 1995, newer versions of AR-10 were produced and these versions were collectively called AR10B.

Tips on Buying an AR10.

The usual tips that you should be cognizant of if you want to own an AR-10 include knowing your options. You can either assemble your own AR-10 or buy a preassembled one. If you are going to assemble, there are tips that you should know, and you should also have knowledge on how to shop around for quality parts. However, if you want to buy a ready-made AR-10, you can easily avail of a pre-assembled one. Yet, bear in mind that the quality of the AR-10 unit that you would get depends on the quality standard of the manufacturer from which you have chosen to buy.

Conclusion

The AR10 will always remain a desirable rifle for rifle aficionados. Despite the emergence of newer versions and more novel rifles that take its cue from the radical innovations made throughout the radical evolution of AR-10, the rustic AR-10 will still remain very dear to the heart of rifle aficionados. And i have article about ar10 vs ar15, you can find a lot useful information. Let’s buy the best ar10 for money to use.

What Is Ar10 Vs Ar15? Which Is Better? Compare Them!

In October 1954, the Fairchild Engine and Aircraft Company’s ArmaLite Division was established under the tutelage of George Sullivan and it began working on the development of the lightweight paratrooper’s rifle—the AR-1 “Parasniper” rifle. The AR-5 survival rifle for downed aircrew and pilots of the U. S. Air Force immediately followed the development of AR-1. While testing the AR-5 on a shooting range, Sullivan met the talented Eugene Stoner, whom Sullivan hired immediately as his chief design engineer. By 1955, the first prototype of the novel AR-10 had been completed.

Due to the AR-10’s failure to gain significant market, the ArmaLite design team created the AR-15, a scaled-down version of the AR10. The AR15 became the basis for the famous M16 “Armalite” assault rifle. All ArmaLite guns and rifles bear the prefix AR to indicate that they are part of the evolution of the original AR-1. In 1959, ArmaLite sold its rights on the AR-10 and AR15 designs to Colt Manufacturing Company.

What is ar10 vs ar15?

The AR10

What is ar10

What is ar10. Source: rainierarms.com

The AR10 is a lightweight, air-cooled, gas operated 7.62mm (.308 in) assault rifle that fires the NATO standardized 7.62x51mm cartridge in 20-round detachable box magazine. True to its name, the Armalite AR10 weighs between 3.29 to 4.05 kilograms (7.25 to 8.9 lbs) without ammunitions and magazine. Its lightness was due to the extensive use of aluminum alloy for its metal parts except for the steel barrel, bolt and bolt carrier, and glass reinforced plastic on the buttstock, handguard, and pistol grip.

Most gas-operated rifles bleeds the propellant gas to a port in the gun barrel to the piston in a cylinder running parallel to the gun barrel. The gas then pushes the piston to enable the bolt to re-cock, release the spent cartridge, and load a fresh round to the chamber to make the gun ready for firing. The difference, however, of Stoner’s AR10 design lies in the fact that the propellant gas bleeds through a cylinder running in parallel with the gun barrel to impinge the bolt carrier mechanism. This “direct gas impingement” gives the best AR10 a high cyclic rate of fire of 700 rounds per minute with a muzzle velocity of 845 meters per second or 2,772 feet per second.

Externally, the AR10’s looks has become iconic due to its predecessor, the AR15 or specifically the M-16. The AR15 incorporates an elevated front sight and a carrying handle that houses the rear sights and acts a protection to the cocking/charging lever.  Likewise, the AR-10 measures 1.029 meters (40 ½ inches) in overall length with a barrel length of 0.508 meters or 20 inches.

The AR15

What is ar15?

What is ar15? Source: rainierarms.com

Derived from the AR10, the AR15 uses the same “direct gas impingement” operation introduced in the AR10 and carries most developments as compared to its predecessor. However, while the AR-10 is a “full-caliber” rifle, the AR15 is a lighter version of 5.56mm (0.223 in) caliber. The AR15/M16 uses the 5.56x45mm M193 cartridge in 20- or 30-round magazines. The AR15/M-16 extensively use the lightweight “nylonite” for its furniture, and can weigh from 2.2 to 3.9 kilograms or 5.5 to 8.5 lbs.

The “direct gas impingement” via rotating bolt operation gives the AR-15 a cyclic rate of fire of 800 rounds a minute with a muzzle velocity of 975 meters per second or 3,200 feet per second to a maximum effective range of 550 meters or 600 yards. The AR-15/M-16 has an overall length of 1.006 meters or 39.63 inches with a barrel length of 0.508 meters or 20 inches.

Pros and Cons of ar10 vs ar15

The AR10 vs AR15 has its own share of good and bad points. One of the good points that both rifles share when compared with other contemporary designs of its time is lightness. Due to this inherent lightness, it is possible to carry more ammunition with these two types of rifles. However, with the 7.62mm AR10 and 5.56mm AR15 cartridges, you can carry a lot more of the lighter rounds at any given weight. While the 7.62mm round can outrange the 5.56mm round, the smaller projectile travels at much higher speeds than the bigger projectile.

Due to the higher mass of the AR10’s larger bullet, the projectile can store greater kinetic energy that can translate into stopping or knocking power. On the other hand, the higher rate of fire that the AR15 imparts can translate into multiple hits. However, the term AR-10 and AR-15 applies only to single-shot and semi-automatic versions for civilian use.

Which Rifle is Better & Who Will Use It?

Which is better between ar10 vs ar15

Which is better between ar10 vs ar15. Source: gundigest.com

Both AR10 vs AR15 rifles attract the attentions of many gun collectors, hunters, sport shooters, and even law enforcers. Both rifles are light enough to carry around even by women of small stature. It is, however, the number of rounds needed to do a job that really matters. For big game hunters, of course it is better to have a large caliber like 7.62mm rifle. It will be easier to use and necessitates less bullet to bring down a large game. Law enforcers, especially snipers, need a 7.62mm AR10 with a best scope for ar 10 to have a good standoff range in order to cover a wider search area. AR10 has greater range than most 22 rifles.

AR15 is well suited for home protection, varmint and other small game hunting, and even security and public protection duties. A single-shot from a small caliber rifle is nothing new in enforcing security and public protection. The Royal Ulster Police constables use the 5.56mm Ruger semi-automatic rifles during the IRA heydays in Northern Irish cities along with British infantry units armed with 7.62mm L1A1 semi-automatic rifles. The useful tips to hold the target is using a best shooting sticks.

Conclusions

At present, there is a significant growth in sales and market for commercial rifles and its accessories. Due to the vast media coverage that the military enjoyed in the recent years, there has been a public clamor, not just for the rifle itself, but for tactical gadgets such as the red dot and reflex sights, scopes, laser spot, AN/PEQ tactical lights, combat grips, picatinny or tactical rails, bipods, and folding stocks. The market is overflowing with such items as upgrades to existing rifle. You can readily convert the looks of your old AR-10 or AR-15 into their military versions by simply replacing the old hand guard with picatinny rail and by adding the accessories you want. Most gun owners want to “militarize” their guns, not because they love the military, but for the sake of dressing the gun up.

For the ordinary people without any knowledge about guns and rifles, it is difficult to tell if the rifle is a military or a civilian version. Is that an M16 or an AR-15? Lastly, there are no regulations on “militarizing” the rifle’s appearance or looks. But in last, i think ar10 vs ar15 are also good gun.