Category Archives for "Weapon"

What Is Rust of Gun And How To Remove Rust From A Firearm?

Most modern firearms are treated with some type of exterior coating above the metal to reduce the chance of the metal underneath rusting.

However, this is not to say that it is impossible for a modern firearm to rust. Rusting is most common in older firearms. Looking to fix up one of grandpa’s old guns? Wondering how to get the rust off?

how to remove rust from a gun

how to remove rust from a gun.

Look no further. We will go over the best way to take rust off a firearm, and some things to avoid doing.

It is worth noting that this will only help in removing surface rust off a firearm. If your gun has fully rusted through, it is going to take significantly more work than what we are recommending here.

What is Rust?

Rust forms when iron reacts with oxygen.

This process is referred to as oxidization. The process is generally really slow, but can be significantly sped up when the metal is introduced to salt or water.

This is the reason that one day in the rain can cause surface rust to form on a firearm.

How to Remove Rust

Removing rust is not a hard process.

You will have to essentially scrape it off, using a metal that isn’t as hard as the metal of the firearm.

You can use a harder metal, but it will ruin the finish of the firearm. 

For this reason, your best bet to remove the rust off the firearm is going to be copper products. To successfully remove the surface rust, you’re going to want:

  • Copper wool. You can use copper wool to scrape the whole outside
  • Copper brush. The copper brush will help you get into the more tight spaces, and a caliber specific size will allow you to clean the barrel
  • Dry rags. Rags will help to wipe the scraped off rust off the surface of the firearm

Removing the rust is pretty easy. You just need to scratch it off using the copper products already mentioned.

It really is that simple. There is not an easier way to do it safely. It’s just going to take some elbow grease to get the rust off.

How Not to Remove Rust

There are quite a few rust removal products available on the market.

While these may work for other metals, I would strongly recommend against using these chemicals on a firearm.

Since you don’t know what the surface of the firearm was treated with and what else might have been added to the metal, you have no idea how the chemicals will react with the metal of the firearm.

The result could inadvertently ruin your weapon. I have heard of some people using Evapo-Rust as a worst-case scenario rust remover, but would still recommend against that, if at all avoidable.

You should store gun with best gun safe and dehumidifier, it will help your gun cleaner. 


That’s it. It really is that simple to remove the rust off of a firearm.

Unless it is completely rusted through, using some copper wool, a copper brush, and some good old-fashioned elbow grease will take care of the surface rust on a firearm. 

There are some commercially available rust removal chemicals, but I would strongly recommend against using these.

Why You Should Own A Ruger 10/22 Rifle?

The Ruger 10/22 is the most popular .22 rifle in America, and for good reason.

It has been around for over five decades and its popularity remains constant. Have you been looking for a .22LR weapon, or considering the Ruger 10/22?

This article will give some of the reasons for its popularity, to show you why it’s an excellent weapon for you to own.

  • Reliability. The semiautomatic functioning of this weapon is extremely reliable. This mechanism hasn’t changed much since the weapon’s inception, and continues to be extremely reliable and consistent feature
  • Multiple options. One of the best features of this weapon is the number of different options available. There are classic wood-styled weapons and modernized black synthetic weapons. There are also compact sizes available. The Ruger 10/22 is an excellent weapon to teach a new shooter with. Due to the small rimfire .22LR cartridge, there is minimal recoil, and it is very quiet
  • Takedown model. This one option deserves its own point. One model of the Ruger 10/22, the Takedown, has a barrel that is detachable. As such, you are able to pack the weapon down into a smaller package. This is an excellent feature for a survival rifle or to take camping
  • Durability. The weapon is extremely resistant to the elements, due to its outer coating and polymer trigger housing
  • Affordability. As far as firearms go, this is one of the most affordably priced weapons. There are slightly cheaper .22LR weapons available, but none will be nearly as high quality as the Ruger 10/22. This weapon is an excellent value purchase
  • Trigger. The trigger of this weapon is extremely smooth and consistent. As mentioned before, it is housed in a polymer trigger housing that is extremely resistant to the elements
  • Positive safety. The manual cross bolt safety is an excellent feature, especially when using this weapon to teach new shooters
  • Scope mounts included. The weapon comes from the manufacturer with a scope base adapter and scope mounts included, which makes it extremely easy to install a scope on the weapon. The best scope for ruger 10/22 is good choice for your rifle. 
  • Rotary magazine. The 10 round rotary magazine is extremely smooth and reliable. Since it’s a rotary style magazine, it is neatly tucked into the weapon to maintain a sleek look. It is equally easy to release the magazine

There is so much to love about the Ruger 10/22, but these are just a few of the highlights.

It’s an extremely smooth and consistent weapon that is very easy to use. The durability will make you feel comfortable with your purchase.

As long as it is treated properly, there is no reason that you won’t be able to pass this weapon along to your children one day.

All of these features come at an affordable price, to sweeten the deal.

 All in all, the Ruger 10/22 is likely the best .22LR weapon on the market, and there are plenty of reasons to own it.


10 Tips For Choosing Your First Handgun

Are you starting to shop for your first handgun and feeling overwhelmed?

Choosing the first handgun

Choosing the first handgun

There are so many factors to consider! In this simple guide, we will give you a few key tips to keep in mind, to hopefully assist you in making the best purchase for you.

For someone new to firearms, handguns can seem extremely complicated. All of the different features can be overwhelming, but over time, they become easier and easier to understand.

1. What purpose will the handgun serve?

This should be self explanatory, but make sure to take into account what the handgun will actually be used for.

If you are looking for a concealed carry weapon, you are likely looking for a much different weapon than if you are looking for a home defense weapon.

2. Quality of your handgun 

Handguns definitely follow the golden rule of “you get what you pay for.” If you buy one of the cheapest available handguns, you are likely to have issues with it at some point.

3, Grip size.

This is one of those things that when you know, you know. When you pick up what will be your new handgun for the first time, you’ll know exactly what I’m talking about. It’ll fit in your hand just right. Keep in mind that some handguns have replaceable grips and backstraps, so you can adjust the grip somewhat.  Folks with larger hands will struggle to find a smaller weapon that fits their hand.

4. Thumb safety. 

This can be a huge factor for some people. For me personally, I feel much safer and more comfortable with a handgun that has a manual thumb safety as opposed to a trigger safety.

Whatever kind of safety features your weapon has, make sure you feel comfortable with it and know how to operate it.

You should buy the best handgun safe to make your handgun safe

5. Magazine capacity. 

This somewhat ties in to the first tip, but what magazine capacity are you looking for? Keep in mind your use for the weapon.

6. Caliber. 

Also ties into the first tip. If you are looking for a sidearm for big game hunting, you probably want to consider a larger round, such as .45ACP, whereas if you are looking for a pistol that fits in your pocket, you’re going to be looking for a .380.

7. Exposed hammer? 

Some people prefer hammer-fired weapons with an exposed hammer, as you can always see the position of the hammer. The argument against this is always that you should know what state your weapon is, and the hammer is only one more thing to catch on your holser/pants/shirt.

8. Revolver or pistol? 

This has been written about many times. Long story short, revolvers are more reliable and can shoot larger projectiles, and pistols have a larger magazine capacity.

9. Cleaning ability. 

If you’re looking for your first handgun, it is likely that you are relatively new to firearms. Make sure that your new handgun is relatively easy to take down to clean. Don’t forget to buy a cleaning kit or some cleaning supplies to go along with your new weapon!

10. Sights. 

It may seem like a small thing, but those difficult to see sights aren’t going to get any better with time.

Make sure you can accurately acquire a good sight picture with your new weapon.


As with anything firearms related, safety is the most important thing to consider.

Before buying your first handgun, do a little research on how to safely operate and handle a handgun. This may save you an awkward minute at the gun store, and will also give you some confidence with your new piece of equipment while ensuring that you and everyone around you remains safe.

What Is ACOG Scope And Why You Should Buy One?

What exactly is an ACOG? Should I buy one?

If these thoughts have ever gone through your head, look no further!

This article will go over some basics about one of the best AR-15 optics available, the ACOG.

what is ACOG Scope

what is ACOG Scope. Source

The Basics of ACOG (Advanced Combat Optical Gunsight)

The Trijicon ACOG (Advanced Combat Optical Gunsight) is a red dot style sight.

Trijicon ACOG 4x32 BAC Dual Illuminated Riflescopes

One of the best ACOG on the market. Trijicon ACOG 4x32 BAC Dual Illuminated Riflescopes

Red dot sights have been written about multiple times on this website, so we will not discuss the basics about red dot sights. An ACOG is an example of an internal reflex sight. This kind of sight has multiple lenses, and has a tube shape.

The ACOG has a fixed magnification, meaning that it is not adjustable at all.

However, from the manufacturer, there are multiple magnification levels available. This allows you to select exactly how much magnification you need, from 1.5 to 6 magnification power.

Without variable magnification, there is less moving parts, so the scope is more durable.

The scope is compact, and uses a red dot aiming reticle.

However, this red dot is different than almost every other optic available on the market. The red dot on the ACOG isn’t battery powered, but have tritium in a fiber optic cable that illuminate the reticle based on how much light is available.

This completely eliminates the need for a battery, which is one less thing to worry about.

The reticle also has a bullet drop compensated reticle, which further increases its accuracy.

Another excellent feature of this scope is how rugged it is. It is made from high strength aircraft aluminum, making it extremely strong.

The manufacturer claims that it’s virtually indestructible. It is also waterproof to 100 meters. To prove its strength and durability, it is widely used in the United States military.

Here is video 500 meter- Ar15 with ACOG Scope:​

How to Use that ACOG?

The beauty of the ACOG is how simple it is to use.

Without batteries, there is no turning the scope on or anything. Assuming the optic is zeroed, simply open the lenses, aim down the sight with both eyes open, and fire your weapon.

It really could not be easier to use. Looking down the sight with both eyes open makes it extremely easy to use.

Pros and Cons of ACOG 

The biggest pros of this optic are:

  • Military approved strength and durability.
  • Battery-free use. Never have to worry about a dead battery, forgetting a battery, or turning your optic on
  • Magnification. While fixed, magnification is a nice feature in a red dot style sight
  • Accurate, and includes bullet drop compensated reticle
  • Reliable. There is basically nothing in this sight that can break. It will last more or less forever

The cons of this optic are:

  • The biggest problem of ACOG is Price.  So if you have low budget, the best scope for ar15 is good choice
  • Fixed magnification. Many people prefer variable magnification

Who Should Use an ACOG?

An ACOG would work for just about every single person.

Whether you are a casual shooter, a competitive shooter, or a hunter, an ACOG will work for you.

The reliability and accuracy make this one of the best optics available. The different levels of fixed magnification allow you to select exactly how much magnification you need for the type of shooting you do.

The ACOG is also great for a new shooter, as they are very easy to shoot with, thanks to being able to shoot with both eyes open. It is also an extremely easy sight to zero and adjust.

There is only one specific group of people that I would not recommend and ACOG to. If you do a lot of traveling hunting or do other similar activities that require you to take shots at vastly different distances, an ACOG is NOT your best bet due to the fixed magnification. If you are regularly shooting at both 20 meters and 400 meters, you are probably going to want a variable magnification optic.


While not everyone feels as strongly as I do, I think that the Trijicon ACOG is one of the absolute best optics available.

I have shot with multiple different optics, and the ACOG is by far my favorite that I’ve used. I love the strength and durability, battery-free operation, and the accuracy.

As far as reflex style red dot sights and weapons optics in general go, there isn’t much I prefer over an ACOG.

I highly recommend you look into them, and seriously consider them when you are shopping for your next optic.

How Long Will Ammo Last For?

Wondering about the shelf life of ammunition is an extremely common question that most people have.

How Long Will Ammo Last For

How Long Will Ammo Last For

Whether you are hoping to stockpile ammunition for any number of purposes or have found some older ammunition, it is extremely common to wonder how long it will last for.

While there is no one single answer, as not all ammo is the exact same, there are a few rules of thumb to follow.

Most ammunition is good for at least 10 years, but a few factors can affect this. The primary factors that will shorten this shelf life are being exposed to high heat or moisture.


At high temperatures, the chemical composition of the gunpowder can start being affected. While it may not be instantaneous, sustained exposure to extremely high heats can negatively impact the ammunition. Over time, it may cause the round to be less effective, and eventually could lead to the ammunition not working.


When ammunition is exposed to moisture, whether it is submerged in water or experiences high humidity, the powder could potentially become ineffective.

Once the propellant gets wet, it may not burn, so the ammunition may not function.

Generally speaking, manufacturers say that their ammunition is supposed to last for 10 years. However, this is just a general number that they give.

There is absolutely no reason that the ammo can’t be used after 10 years, if it is stored properly. Ammunition that is stored in a generally cool and dry place will last for well past 10 years. While it may not be the best idea to keep ammunition for this long, there’s no reason that it wouldn’t still function.

3 Tips For Storing Your Ammunition

  • Try to store ammunition indoors in a climate controlled room. Best gun safe is good choice. 
  • If you must store it outdoors or in the attic, keep it in a place that won’t be in direct sunlight
  • Consider using an ammo can – they will keep the ammunition cooler and protect from moisture

One thing to keep in mind is that once your ammunition has been taken out of this cool and dry environment, it should be used at your soonest convenience. 

If you take your ammo out to the range on a hot or rainy day, or take it out hunting in the swamp, your best bet is to expend that ammo sooner rather than later.


In conclusion, ammo will last as long as you treat it right. As long as it’s stored in a cool and dry environment, there is no reason that the ammo can’t last for decades.

However, once it has been exposed to high heat or moisture, you run the risk of it being no good.

Share that article if you like it!​

Unlimited Guide About Red Dot Sights (Definition/Type/Pros And Cons)

Red dot sights are extremely common on many modern rifles.

While they are extremely simple sights, most people do not understand exactly how they work.

Red Dot Sights in use

Red Dot Sights in use

Curious about the basics of red dot sights? Look no further. In this article, we will go over the types of red dot sights, how they work, pros and cons of red dot sights, and potential uses.

Red dot sight is NOT exactly a specific type of sight; it is more of a general term.

The term “red dot sight” is used to describe any number of electronic weapon optics that utilize a red dot as an aiming point.

Green dots are also extremely common in weapons optics that would usually be referred to as a “red dot sight.”

Types of Red Dot Sights and How They Work

The different types of red dot sights have been written about on this website before, but I will give a very brief refresher of each, if you want to find more, click here

  • The first type is a prism sight. Prism sights are very small and utilize a prism to focus the image you see down the scope, rather than the traditional series of lenses. They are often called “red dot sights” because of the illuminated reticle they commonly have. Generally speaking, they offer a small magnification.
  • Reflex sights are the most common type of red dot sights. Exposed reflex sights have an aiming point that is projected from the rear of the sight onto one single aiming window. They are extremely small, as they only have one small window. When you think of a “red dot sight,” odds are you are thinking about an exposed reflex sight. Internal reflex sights have two lenses, and the rear one projects the aiming point onto the forward lens. They are a tube shape.
  • Holographic sights are similar in appearance to exposed reflex sights. They differ in that they essentially use a picture of a reticle sandwiched between glass layers. EOTech owns the patent on holographic sights.

I already have post compare red dot vs scope, You should read it if you are confusing about this. 

What Are Pros and Cons of Red Dot Sights

Why is Red Dot Sight Good?

​The biggest pros of red dot sights are the versatility and the ease of use.

Pros of red dot sights

Pros of red dot sights

No matter what type of shooting you are doing, there is a red dot sight that will meet your needs.

There are magnified red dot sights as well as non-magnified red dot sights.

There are battery operated red dot sights as well as sights that do not require batteries.

Red dot sights are extremely easy to use. Once you have zeroed the sight, it’s as simple as point and shoot.

As opposed to iron sights, where you have to line up the rear sight and the front sight, red dot sights are extremely easy to use.

Reflex sights and holographic sights in particular are easy to use, because you can shoot them with both eyes open.

Red dot sights vary significantly in price. There are entry level red dot sights available at extremely affordable prices, while some of the higher quality sights are much more expensive.

More expensive sights, such as an EOTech holographic sight, will have a smaller MOA measurement.

​So What's MOA?

MOA, or minutes of angle, is a measurement of the size of the reticle.

1 MOA commonly translates to 1 inch at 100 yards. A smaller MOA means that the reticle will cover less of targets at greater distances, allowing you to get a more accurate shot.

What's downside of Red Dot Sights?​

The cons of red dot sights are kind of dependent on the type of red dot sight.

Prism sights have a smaller eye relief, meaning your eye has to be closer to the scope to accurately aim.

Reflex sights aren’t available with magnification, unless it is a completely separate scope.

Holographic sights are expensive.

Uses of a Red Dot Sight

As previously mentioned, red dot sights are extremely versatile.

They can be used for any number of different types of shooting. For just casual shooting, you would be fine with any number of red dot sights.

For accurate distance shooting, you would be better off with a prism sight or a holographic sight.

For hunting, any type of red dot sight would excel, as long as it is waterproof.

Related: If your own an ar15, i highly recommend you buy the best ar15 scope. I like to use an scope than red dot, ​


Overall, red dot sights are an excellent sight for the modern rifle.

The three different types all vary slightly, but are similar in that they use some type of dot type reticle for aiming.

While each type has its pros and cons, rest assured that there is a red dot sight available that will meet your needs.

While older shooters may not agree, red dot sights are the rifle sights of the future.

Share that article if you think it's good. ​

[Infographic] How To Zero A Rifle Scope In The Best Way (2018)

So, you just came home with your brand new rifle scope and got it installed on your rifle. Now you’re wondering, how do I go about getting this scope zeroed? Zeroing a rifle scope is a relatively easy task, but many people are unsure exactly how to do this. In this article, we will go over some basics and talk about how to actually zero your rifle to your weapon.

What does it mean to “zero” a rifle scope?

Zeroing a rifle scope refers to aligning the point of impact with the aiming point. It’s a process of adjusting your scope to ensure that the projectile will actually impact where your aim point is. A rifle scope is zeroed when the bullet actually hits where you put your crosshair or aiming reticle.

Before you can start zeroing your rifle scope, make sure you understand how to go about adjusting your scope. You may have to look in the owner’s manual for your rifle scope to figure it out. To adjust a rifle scope, it is pretty common to spin a knob or turn an Allen key.

How to zero your scope:

To start, you need to select the distance at which you are going to zero your rifle scope. This should be based on the distance that you are planning to shoot your rifle. If you are zeroing a rifle that will be used for long distance shots, you are probably going to want to zero it at a greater distance. I would recommend starting the zeroing process of a brand new rifle scope at a much closer distance, such as 25 meters. If you need to shoot at longer distance, once you’ve got a 25 meter zero, you can confirm your zero at 100 meters or longer.

There are paper targets available that are meant specifically for zeroing. These targets have a grid system, which will tell you how much you need to adjust your scope by based on the distance you are shooting with. However, any paper target will work. A paper target without grids will just take longer and require a little bit more guesswork.

Once you’ve got the target set up at your prescribed distance, use the following steps to accurately zero the scope.

  • Aim at the center of mass of the target, and shoot three rounds
  • Place the weapon on safe, and go down to check where your shots hit
  • Adjust the scope as necessary, using the owner’s manual. If your point of impact was to the right of the aiming point, adjust the scope to move the crosshairs or reticle accordingly

Continue to fire three round iterations and adjust your scope until your scope is zeroed. You will know that the scope is zeroed once you are accurately hitting what you are aiming at. Keep in mind, this may require multiple targets and quite a bit of time to perfect.

If your shot isn’t on paper at 25 meters, you have a couple options. You can either get a larger target or move the target in to a closer distance. This will allow you to start the process of getting your scope zeroed.

What next?

From there, you can confirm your zero at a greater distance. Minor mistakes will be more magnified over a greater distance, so it may require more adjustments when you shoot at a greater distance.

While most scopes are pretty durable, repeated rounds through the rifle will eventually move the scope slightly. It’s a good idea to reconfirm your zero every once in awhile before you go shoot or hunt.


As you can see, zeroing a rifle scope is a relatively easy process, but people who are new to firearms may be a little confused by exactly how to do it.

Zeroing your scope simply means ensuring that your bullet will hit exactly where your crosshairs or reticle are. It is easy to do, but it does take some time. It may also require getting into the owner’s manual of your scope to figure out exactly how to adjust it.


What’s Difference Between Shotguns Vs Rifles And Who Should Use It?

To someone new to hunting or firearms, it can be a difficult to decision to choose between a shotgun and a rifle.

Shotgun vs rifle

Army with their gun

In this article, we will go over the pros and cons of each, and make recommendations for when each one is better.

Before starting, we will go over some shotgun and rifle basics.

What's Shotguns?

Shotguns are firearms that shoot shells rather than the traditional cartridge.

Shells are loaded into the shotgun, and are either automatically or manually (pump style) cycled through after shooting the shotgun.

Shotguns traditionally fire “shot,” which is a higher quantity of smaller projectiles, but can also fire a slug. Slugs are one larger projectile, and essentially make the shotgun a basic rifle.

The Pros and Cons of Shotguns

The pros of a shotgun are the versatility, legality, and slug size.

Shotguns are some of the most versatile weapons. With very few changes, you can hunt birds and big game with the exact same weapon.

weapon used has a significant impact on the range

By changing the shell used, you are able to do many different types of hunting with a shotgun.

In some places, you are not able to hunt with a rifle. In this situation, a shotgun shooting a slug is an excellent choice to be able to hunt.

Similarly, a slug that is shot from a shotgun is generally much larger and heavier than traditional rifle projectile.

As a result, a shotgun shooting slugs is much deadlier. 

The cons of a shotgun are the accuracy and the range.

When a shotgun is used to shoot slugs, it is not nearly as accurate as a high quality rifle.

While scopes can be mounted on a shotgun, the accuracy is still limited.

There are shotguns available specifically for slugs with a rifled barrel, but this limits the shotgun to only shooting slugs.

Similarly, the range is limited to 75-100 yards, while high quality rifles can easily shoot out to 300+ yards.

What's Rifles?

While there are countless different types of rifles, they all function basically the same.

Rifles fire a traditional cartridge, which has a projectile located above a propellant filled casing. Rifles fire this projectile downrange at extremely high rates of speed. There are many different cartridge sizes available.

The Pros and Cons of The Rifle

The pros of a rifle are the range, accuracy, and the available options.

Sightmark Ultra Shot Reflex Sight-2

As previously mentioned, many modern rifles can accurately shoot out to 300+ yards.

When paired with modern optics, shooting to 300 yards is not even a stretch for the experienced marksman.

Due to the rifling in the barrel, rifle projectiles are able to travel much further and much more accurately.

With modern rifles, there are many options available. There are seemingly endless cartridge sizes and ammunition types.

Choosing the exact cartridge size you would like to shoot and pairing it with a hand chosen ammunition will help to ensure your exact needs are met.

However, even with the multiple cartridge and ammunition possibilities, rifles are still extremely limited compared to shotguns.

If you are having an ar15, you should choose the best optic for your ar15.

The cons of a rifle are its limited uses and potential legality issues.

Despite the fact that there are so many cartridges available, once you select your rifle, that specific cartridge is all that the weapon will be able to shoot.

With a shotgun, you can shoot multiple different loads of shot as well as slugs.

The other con, as previously mentioned, is that in some areas it is not legal to hunt with a rifle.


  • If you are planning on doing nothing but hunting for larger animals, such as deer, elk, and hogs, I would recommend getting a fine tuned modern rifle
  • If you know for a fact that you will be taking similar shots over and over again, a rifle is going to be your best bet, as long as it is legal in your area.
  • If you live in a flat area, where you will likely be taking long distance shots, you absolutely need a rifle.
  • If you plan on doing multiple types of hunting, but don’t mind buying multiple weapons, I would still recommend a rifle due to the increased accuracy and range.
  • However, if you plan on doing multiple types of hunting, but only want one firearm, a shotgun is the way to go. Choosing different loads will allow you to do many different types of hunting with this one versatile weapon.
  • If you plan on only hunting for birds, a shotgun is definitely your best bet.
  • If you live or hunt in a heavily wooded area, I would recommend a shotgun. As a result of the terrain, it is unlikely that you are going to take any shots at long distance. The added size and weight of a shotgun slug will be deadlier, but will also cut through foliage better.
  • If it’s illegal to hunt with rifles where you’re from, a shotgun is your best bet. If you’re looking for a home defense weapon, a shotgun will function admirably.


As you can see, both rifles and shotguns serve specific purposes.

While there are definitely circumstances where one is better than the other, they are both very useful weapons.

Shotguns are some of the most versatile firearms out there, and modern rifles have come a long way in terms of effective range and accuracy.

All said, decide what you need your firearm to do, and decide from there whether a shotgun or a rifle better suits your needs.

What Is Shotgun Slugs And When Is It Better To Use A Slug?

To first understand the basics of shotgun slugs, you must understand what exactly a slug is and how a shotgun works.

How a shotgun works

A shotgun is a firearm that shoots shells rather than the traditional rifle cartridge.

So what's the shotgun shells?

  • Shotgun shells are generally plastic and are filled with their intended projectiles
  • Shotgun shells are commonly filled with smaller projectiles, called shot, but can also have one singular piece of metal, called a slug
shotgun slug

Shotgun Slug

The traditional rifle cartridge is generally some type of a metal filled with a propellant and the projectile on top of the cartridge. Both are fired by a firing pin striking a primer.

After the shotgun is fired, many shotguns are pump action. When the pump is pushed rearward, it ejects the spent shell, and loads in the next shell.

What exactly is a slug

As previously mentioned, a slug is one solid projectile, rather than smaller projectiles, such as birdshot or buckshot.

When a slug is fired from a shotgun, one larger solid projectile is fired, making it similar to a rifle firing a bullet. A shotgun firing a slug can be viewed as a simple rifle.

Pros and cons of using a slug

Strength of Slug

When compared to a similar hunting rifle, a shotgun slug is much heavier. source

Generally speaking, a rifle slug is at least twice as heavy as a comparable rifle bullet. I have a article to compare shotgun with rifle, you can read it in here.

While an advanced rifle fires its projectile nearly twice as fast, the sheer weight of a shotgun slug makes it extremely deadly. 

The cons of Slug​

However, the range of a shotgun with a slug is much less than that of a rifle.

A general rule of thumb is that slugs work within 100 yards. Modern advanced rifles can accurately shoot out to at least three times that far.

Another con of using a slug is that they cost slightly more than rifle ammunition.

Man is holding his Shotgun

Man is holding his Shotgun

When is it better to use a slug?

There are multiple situations in which using a shotgun firing slugs would be better than using a rifle. This is some situations:

  • Legal issue: In some states and areas, you aren’t able to hunt using a rifle. In an area like this, using a shotgun shooting slugs will allow you to continue hunting legally
  • About weight: If you are hunting large game, due to the weight of the shotgun slug, you will have a deadlier shot. While there are also bigger rifle cartridges, these come with larger weapons. Shotguns are generally easier to carry around than a much larger comparable rifle
  • About performance: In heavily wooded areas, using a slug may also be preferential. As a result of the added weight and size, a slug will be able to penetrate through brush easier. Similarly, in any situation in which your expected shot is within 100 yards, a slug will be better than most rifle cartridges, because it is more deadly.


Shotguns are an extremely versatile weapon. Slugs are just another facet of their versatility.

Shooting slugs from a shotgun give you a basic rifle. While the range is greatly decreased, it fires a much larger and heavier projectile than most rifles, making it a much deadlier projectile. (You should choose the best scope for ar15 rifle to make a perfect shot)

While the slug is by no means a one size fits all answer, there are definitely specific circumstances in which shooting a slug is more than likely better than most rifles.

While it will ultimately come down to personal preference, a shotgun shooting slugs is a formidable weapon for hunting.


Which’s Better Between Striker Fired vs Hammer Fired?

Despite the fact that a striker and a hammer serve the same purpose, they are actually a little bit different.

Striker Fired vs Hammer Fired

Striker Fired vs Hammer Fired

Ever wondered when a striker fired weapon may be better than a hammer fired weapon?

In this article, we will go over the differences between the two and a comparison about when each firing mechanism is better to have.

For starters, striker fired and hammer fired refer to how the firearm actually fires a bullet.

What's Hammer Fired Weapon?

A hammer fired weapon, as the name may imply, has a hammer.

A perfect example is a revolver and any 1911 semiautomatic pistol.

When you rack the slide of a hammer fired weapon, it cocks the hammer back.

When you pull the trigger, the hammer will fall, which strikes the firing pin. The firing pin then springs forward and punches the primer of the cartridge, which then initiates the propellant that sends the bullet down range.

However, one thing to keep in mind is that not all hammer fired weapons have external hammers. There are some weapons that have internal hammers that you will not be able to see.

What about Striker Fired Weapon?

Striker fired weapons are fired by an internal striker.

Think about any Glock firearm. These all work with an internal striker.

When you rack the slide of a striker fired weapon, the internal striker is cocked. When you pull the trigger, that internal striker is what rides forward to punch the primer. Most striker fired weapons can only be decocked by pulling the trigger.

What's the different between Striker Fired and Hammer Fired? Which's better?

One common thing that you hear is that hammer fired weapons are safer.


Skilled Amateur Stiker Fired and Hammer Fired Source:

People say that because of the fact that you are able to decock the hammer, you are unlikely to accidentally discharge the weapon. Once you rack the slide and a round is chambered, you are able to decock the hammer, if you are not ready to shoot yet.

In a striker fired weapon or a weapon with an internal hammer, you are NOT able to decock the hammer or striker.

Usually, the only way to decock the hammer is to fire the weapon, although you can obviously pull the slide back and take the round of the chamber.

My opinion is that both firearms are definitely safe in the right hands, but the external hammer does add an additional degree of safety.

Another reason that I think hammer fired weapons with an external hammer are slightly safer, is that you can actually see the position of the hammer, so you will know exactly what position the firearm is in.

When to Use Each

In my opinion, hammer fired weapons with an external hammer are excellent for new shooters.

Being able to physically see the position of the hammer, and what pulling the trigger does to the hammer is a tremendous advantage to someone new to firearms. However, this is just my personal opinion. Safe handling of any firearm will make it easy for a new shooter to learn and shoot.

Striker fired weapons are more commonly used as concealed carry weapons.

The reason for this is that the striker fired weapons don’t have a hammer that can catch on the user’s holster or pocket. Since everything is internal, it makes for a sleeker weapon with no snags or catches.

For home defense purposes, I also prefer striker fired weapons. The reason for this is that I like the point and shoot use. In a high stress situation, there is nothing to worry about other than aiming and pulling the trigger.

For hunting and general shooting purposes, either type of weapon will work, and I don’t really have a preference. The important thing is to ensure that you are using the weapon safely, and are familiar with how it functions.

Related: Best shooting sticks for hunting is good accessories for hunter. You should have one.


Overall, both striker fired and hammer fired weapons systems are excellent options.

The primary difference is how the firearms is actually fired. In a striker fired weapon, an internal striker is cocked back and fired when you pull the trigger. In a hammer fired weapon, there is a physical hammer that does the same.

While both weapons have their pros and cons, they are both excellent choices.

Striker fired weapons generally are better in defense situations, but hammer fired weapons will also perform admirably.

New shooters may learn better from hammer fired weapons, and some old school shooters will prefer hammer fired weapons.

It comes down to personal preference, and whatever you can comfortably and safely use.